New theatre climate in Berne.

Describes factors to be taken into account for air conditioning and heating in a theatre. Nature and purpose of the building call for an adequate supply of conditioned outdoor air, with a total supply air rate up to 69,000 m3/h. Economical use of energy was stressed. Detailed description of the problems involved with the auditorium and stage shaft are given.

User-controlled exhaust fan ventilation in one-family houses.

A group of 18 identical well-insulated experimental houses in Sweden, utilizing a user controlled exhaust fan ventilation system, was monitored during 1985- 1986. The ventilation rate can be controlled by the user by adjusting the fan speed with a conveniently located three-way switch. No heat recovery is provided for, the idea being that the average ventilation rate will be low, thereby saving energy. The houses are described. The results from measurements of ventilation efficiency, ventilation rates. run time of fan speeds and energy consumption are presented.

The importance of proper design : commissioning and maintenance are highlighted in the proposal for a new Finnish ventilation code. D2-maaraysehdotuksessa korostuu suunnittelun, kaytoonoton ja kunnossapidon merkitys.

The technical chapters in the draft proposal for the Ventilation Code differ from the existing one. The technical means for achieving acceptable indoor climate will be described in a new way. In order to secure acceptable quality also in practise (not only in design), new requirements are suggested for design and especially the documentation of design, for commissioning and for maintenance planning. The suggested minimum ventilation rate is 4 l/s per person in rooms where smoking is not allowed and 10 l/s per person if smoking is allowed.

Objectives of indoor climate influence on the structure of the proposed new Finnish ventilation code. Sisailmastotavoitteet muuttaneet osaltaan D2-maaraysehdotuksen rakennetta.

The new proposal for ventilation requirements in the National Building Code of Finland is on public review. The structure of the proposal is different from the existing ventilation code. Minimum requirements for acceptable indoor climate will be given to a wider extent than before, eg new requirements for indoor air temperature and purity are proposed. Also the quality of outdoor air should be taken into account in design of ventilation. Health aspects are also considered, based on today's international knowledge of indoor air quality and human health.

Demand efficient ventilation systems! Stall krav pa effektiva ventilations system!

Ventilation systems perform a number of tasks. They must remove contamination/pollution, they act as heat/cold transporters and they must create a satisfactory room climate without causing draughts. States that users must be aware of the limitations of ventilation systems and that ventilation systems are not able to carry out all tasks completely satisfactorily. Compares the efficiencies of displacement and mixing systems and gives guide values for temperature differences between room air and supply air for office and industrial applications.

Indoor climate: is there a patent solution? Inomhusklimat: finns det nagon patentlosning?

There is no patent solution. Discusses duties of ventilation system: to create a satisfactory indoor climate in a cost-effective manner while considering the demands of three intimately associated factors - well-being, health, working efficiency, risk. Notes the various criteria to be complied with to provide satisfactory ventilation: thermal requirements, air quality requirements, noise/safety, flexibility and economy.

Indoor air quality: a status report.

Provides a status report on research now being done on the effect of indoor pollutants on people and what investigations are planned for the future.

Indoor air quality: some residential answers.

Treats major design and construction actions that can be taken in houses to limit conduction losses, increase heating performance, reduce energy losses through windows and provide adequate ventilation air - super insulation, high performance furnace or boiler, high performance windows and controlled ventilation. Discusses in some detail how controlling indoor air pollutants at source is the preferred approach to maintaining indoor air quality. Illustrates diagrammatically and explains how a house functions under natural ventilation conditions.

Estimating interroom contaminant movements.

Development of infiltration and interroom airflow calculation methods, driven by a concern for indoor air quality have led to a computer simulation of interroom contaminant movement. The model, which assumes fully mixed room air, shows that open doorways provide rapid mixing between rooms in buildings using forced air heating. It also confirms that it is most energy efficient to remove the contaminant nearest its source. Detailed modeling of the variations in contaminant concentration within a room is not presently feasible for long term energy analysis simulations.

Mathematical modelling approaches to air infiltration and ventilation applications.

The objective of this paper is to highlight the range of air infiltration and ventilation models that are available to the designer and to indicate the appropriate level of associated computer hardware that is necessary to support these modelling methods. The description begins with a discussion on simple empirical methods intended for basic design calculations. The applicability of these methods is discussed and some of their shortcomings are highlighted.