Introduction to the concept of exergy

This report describes the characteristics of a thermodynamic concept, exergy, in association with building heating and cooling systems. It introduces the various forms of exergy and the mathematical formulations used to evaluate them. It gives an example of exergy calculation for space heating systems.

Low temperature heating systems - Increased energy efficiency and improved comfort

The brochure describes the main characteristics and advantages of low temperature heating systems. It presents 8 buildings with such systems, briefly describing the building and its equipment.

Environmental assessment of energy conservation technologies for heating and ventilation - A case study -

More than three quarters of all consumed energy in buildings are used for heating, ventilation and sanitary hot water preparation. Energy conservation on these areas has a great potential for reduction of fossil fuels consumption and could greatly contribute to environmental assessment. In striving for reduction of energy use in buildings new criteria are enforced as a measure for energy use in buildings.

Transitions in naturally ventilated flows

Three flow regimes encountered in hybrid ventilation systems, depending on the external temperature along with the imposed heating and cooling loads, are investigated . A theoretical model is used and small-scale laboratory experiments are visualised. The transitions between those naturally ventilated flows may vary according the seasons.

prEN-ISO 13790 - A simplified method to assess the annual heating energy use in buildings

The article presents the scope and content of ISO 13790 standard which is intended to calculate the energy use for space heating of buildings. Information is given about the accuracy of the standard calculation method.

The management of the individual heating systems in housing. From field studies to specific parameters for projects.

Individual heating systems have become more and more common in Italy in recent years, as a result of the development of a methane gas network and of general housing renovation. The research proposed some field studies to analyse the indoor climate for improving the heating system and indoor climate. Aims to correct the management of the heating systems to improve housing quality and occupant comfort.

Heating systems for your new home.

Defines the fundamentals of heating systems, including components, features, common system types, ventilation, indoor air quality and air filtration. Discusses the important features of design and installation that are most commonly overlooked. Aimed at the homeowner. Contents include: heating fundamentals; heating system types; features to consider when choosing a heating system; common system types described; overview of ventilation systems and how they relate to heating systems; filtration.

Energy impact of ventilation rates.

As heat exchanges through building envelopes and undesirable internal gains have been reduced in the last years due to energy conservation efforts, the importance of the energy needed to heat, cool and move outdoor air for ventilation has increased in relative tem1s. This study, developed within the European project TIP-VENT (JOULE) aims to study the impact of ventilation air flow rates upon the energy needs of typical buildings. Five real buildings were selected as case-studies: A hotel, an auditorium, an office building, a single-family residence and an apartment building.

Integration of heating mode into ventilated cooled beam.

Nowadays the ventilated cooled beam is one of the most popular air-conditioning system, e.g. in Scandinavia and Central Europe. With such beams, it is possible to create high-quality indoor climate conditions, including thermal comfort and a low noise level within reasonable life-cycle costs. The beam is suitable for spaces with a high cooling requirement, low humidity load and relatively small ventilation requirement. Typically, the beams are used in offices and conference rooms.