Développements d'outils d'études dynamiques en thermique du bâtiment Developments of tools for dynamic studies of thermal behaviour in buildings

Three software tools CODYBA (version 6.3), XCUBE and CODYMUR are presented in this paper : - CODYBA for the study of the thermal behaviour of a multizone building with an example of simulation of a building in Seville - XCube for the study of 3D thermal bridges coefficients of the building with examples of application- CODYMUR, for the survey of the thermal behaviour of a partition; that tool makes the inertia phenomenom quickly understood.

Modelling microclimate in urban environments and assessing its influence on the performance of surrounding buildings

An energy balance over an urban area and over a rural one, reveals that the first case is always more complex than the last one. The urban context is able to change all the energy transferences mainly due to its own layout. Thus, analysing all the energy transferences one by one, we can find how they affect in a different way depending on the surroundings, among other influences.

Numerical modelling of radiative heat exchanges between the human body and surrounding surfaces

In this paper, the development of a radiation module coupled with a previous 3D-CFD code is described. This module takes into account the radiative heat transfer between the active surfaces, including those relative to the occupants.

Heat and mass transfer analysis of cross-flow heat exchanger for energy recovery from exhaust air

Problems of heat and mass transfer optimization in the plate cross-flow heat exchangers, usedin air conditioning systems for energy recovery from exhaust air, are discussed. The mainpeculiarity of the investigated unit is the possibility of realization of heat transfer withinexhaust air canals in the dry heat exchange conditions or in the conditions of coupled heatand mass transfer with occurrence of vapour condensation on the whole or on a part of theheat exchange surface of the matrix in the form of dew or frost.

Periodic heat transfer analysis: an analytical tool in modeling of non-airconditioned multi-zone buildings

This paper presents a transient periodic heat transfer analysis of non-air-conditioned multizonebuildings taking into account the effects of heat fluxes through various facades ofbuildings including windows, air ventilation and infiltration, furnishings and ground heatconduction. A user-friendly computer software has been developed for the above mentionedpurpose. The validity of the analysis and the building simulation software has been checkedby comparing the results with those obtained by running commercial software SUNCODE forthe same input data.

Combined air, heat, moisture and VOC transport in whole buildings

Thermal and moisture performances of whole buildings are rather well understood today andvarious models exist for simulating those. However, models for calculating VOC emissionsfrom or through building envelope parts are still rare and often need specific materialproperties for each transported compound.

Le corps humain - Un système thermique complexe - (The human body - a complex thermal system)

The human body is a thermal machine, immersed in air. In this paper, the thermoregulation of the body is presented and explained. Due to its thermoregulation, the body ensures its independent activity, regardless the outer temperatures. That system is quite complex, performant and reactive with a great adaptabitily.
To be valid and efficient, the modelisation of that system has to integrate all those exceptionnal characteristics.

Les outils d'évaluation du confort thermique (The tools for evaluation of thermal comfort)

Thermal comfort is a concept quite complex that uses various phenomena, so the methods chosen for its evaluation are different according to the aspects one is interested in. The objective of this paper is not to make an exhaustive review of the exisiting methods but to show advantages and drawbacks of the various approaches. The tools used for evaluation are very often the same as those chosen for investigation and research.

An adaptive conflation between CFD and thermal simulation for modeling indoor airflow and convective heat transfer at internal building surfaces

A adaptive controller was devised and implemented within the ESP-r simulation program to support the conflation of CFD with dynamic whole building thermal simulation. This controller manages all interactions between the coupled thermal and CFD modeling domains. It employs a quasi-steadystate modeling approach, wherein the separate CFD and thermal modeling domains operate in tandem and exchange information at their model domain boundaries on a per-time-step basis. A double-pass modeling approach is employed.

A study on Perception of Local Airflow in Winter

Natural convection, which arises around an occupant by his own metabolic heat, plays an important role in convection heat dissipation of the body in a room environment. The present research aimed at to know how local airflow penetrates through the natural convection layer, how it is perceived at a body surface, and finally causes sensations of warmth and air motion. As a basic study of it, horizontal local airflow was directed at the representative two locations on subjects surfaces, which are the back of the neck and the left side of the ankle.