Experimental study of ventilation performance in dwelling-cells.

In order to assess ventilation systems, ventilation and thermal comfort parameters are calculated. Parameters are temperature and ventilation efficiency and PMV I PPD. Two ventilation configurations are set: the supply grille is under the ceiling and tests are performed for 2 exhaust positions. Both are opposite the ceiling: the first one is under the ceiling and the second one is on the floor. In regards with extract position, the ventilation system is better when extract is on the floor. It appears that the air renewal does not influence neither ventilation nor temperature efficiency.

Laboratory assessment of the fluid dynamic performance of fan-coils.

Usually, the performance of fan-coils is defined and measured in the laboratories only through thermal quantities. However, comfort conditions within a room depend also on the air flow pattern determined by the appliance. Therefore, an experimental procedure to evaluate the fluid dynamic performance of fan-coils has been developed.

Experimental evaluation of kitchen hoods performance.

This paper presents an original protocol to measure the fluodynamic performance of hoods in the laboratory. Results are presented both in terms of contaminant removal efficiency and flow field. The measuring campaign has been performed in order to assess how the hood performance is influenced by the boundary conditions, the hood geometry, and the heat power released by cooking appliances. 

Forecast of the properties of a cold vertical wall jet coming from a fan coil.

The study of the flow in a room cooled by a fan-coil pointed out how the form of air flow and comfort could be influenced by the characteristics of the cold jet blowing out. It is based both on practical experiment and on numerical simulation using CFD code. Combining these methods allowed a large number of configurations to be studied, in association with different conditions for the appliance. Using the results in combination enabled a relation to be established between the problem data, the device characteristics and the comfort conditions obtained.

Thermal comfort studies in a commercial kitchen environment.

    Thermal comfort i8sues in a commercial kitchen were studied in a laboratory test series. A commercial instrument was used to predict the thermal comfort of the kitchen personnel working near the hot cooking surfaces. The effect of variables like supply air type and personal nozzles were studied using a thermal comfort meter showing PMV and PPD indeces.

Utilising selective withdrawal in the ventilation of large rooms: "Select-vent".

This paper presents a way of ventilating a large room so that the room can be divided into different zones by temporary vertical walls (canvas, plastic sheets etc) and with no physical ceiling. Different activities, like welding, painting or mechanical assembly, can go on inside each of these zones, unaffected by each other, as long as pollutants are extracted through designated extract openings in the outer walls. These inner, temporary walls need only reach from say 3 - 4 metres above the floor and up to some metres above the pollutants' height of equilibrium.

Temperature and velocity distributions in a church with floor heating in various seasons.

In this paper the experiences carried out in a large church of Bologna equipped with a floor radiant panels heating plant are presented. High intensity air flows were measured not compatible with thermal comfort. Experimental data will form the basis for understanding and controlling thermal instabilities in very high halls.

Experiments on evaporative emissions in ventilated rooms.

In many new buildings the indoor air quality is affected by emissions of volatile materials. The emission process may be controlled either by diffusion inside the material or evaporation from the surface but it always involves mass transfer across the boundary layer at the surface-air-interface. Experiments at different velocity levels were performed in a full-scale ventilated chamber to investigate the influence of local airflow on the evaporative emission fr-0m a surface.