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energy efficiency

EU FP6-proposal "BRITA in PuBs" positively evaluated by the Commission

The objective of the BRITA in PuBS proposal on Ecobuildings is an increasing of the market penetration of innovative and effective retrofit solutions to improve energy efficiency and implement renewables, with moderate additional costs.

Building envelope, duct leakage and HVAC system performance in HUD-code manufactured homes

Between 200,000 to 300,000 manufactured homes are built to the US Department of Housing and Urban Development’s Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards (MHCSS) in the US each year. This paper compares building envelope, duct leakage and HVAC s

Total energy performance of the air conditioning system using outdoor air cooling potential

From the view point of designing the energy efficient air conditioning system with maximized ventilation, the possibility of an all fresh air system was discussed using the simulation results of a model building in Tokyo. The algorithm of single duct cooling system for simulating the cooling coil of air handling unit based on the heat balance model of whole system components is also described as a base for the simulation of cooling effect of ventilation fresh air.

Energy efficient thermal comfort vs air quality in air-conditioned healthcare applications.

The balance between the energy efficient thermal comfort and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in healthcare facilities is the main of this paper. The present paper will present this balance from the viewpoint of the air conditioning design. It was found that the design of the HVAC airside systems plays an important role for the energy consumption optimizations and achieving the optimum IAQ. This paper highlights the importance of the proper airside design on the energy consumption, thermal comfort and IAQ.

Optimization of airflow regimes, energy efficiency, and air quality in surgical operating theatres.

The present paper addresses and fosters the factors that affect airflow movement and energy efficiencies in the surgical operating theatres. The present work puts forward analyses for major factors contributing to failure to achieve and attain the optimum Indoor Air Quality (IAQ), and the methods suggested to solve such problem. Appropriate architectural and mechanical engineering recommendations to achieve the optimum hygienic operating theatre are set out in the paper.

Statistical interpretation of the results of building simulation and its use in design decisions

The practical use of building simulation software requires a global and comprehensible interpretation of results for decision support in design. We propose a method in which the temperature of the free-running building is used to express: 1) the ratio between energy consumption for heating and cooling, 2) energy saved when ventilation is used instead of mechanical cooling, and 3) the degree of building adaptation to the environment.

Two energy efficiency measures for constant air volume exhaust systems : using dampers and variable air frequency drives

The conventional constant air volume exhaust fan system is actually a variable air volume system. The fan airflow increases as the fume hood airflow decreases. Under partial fume hood exhaust airflow, the fan power is higher than the design fan power. Two energy efficiency measures are developed in this study to reduce the fan power of the conventional constant air volume exhaust system. In the first measure, a modulation damper is added in the main exhaust air duct and

Energy efficiency in operating theaters : a case study

Optimum air distribution system should provide the basic requirements of healthy environment in the Operating Theatre, which depends in turn mainly on the air supply, extract outlet positions, and the operating table orientation. The complexity of the Surgical Operating Theatre requirements is shown in the present computational cases and the associated sophistication of the air treatment, to attain the guideline recommended by the National Health Service Estates of UK, was adequately represented.

Energy-efficient multistory apartment building in Moscow

The new perspective technology in building heat supply and climatisation, are given in this paper. The main energy-saving solutions are following: architectural and layout design taking into account the influence of solar radiation and wind direction; high thermal insulation of building envelope and glazing; mechanical supply-and-exhaust ventilation systems for each flat; Ground heat and exhaust air heat recovery for hot water supply; doublepipe heating system for each flat, horizontal, equipped with flat heat meters and thermostatic valves installed at each room heater.

Integral building and energy design of an office building - Comparison of initial design ideas with monitored results.

Within the program "Solar Optimized Buildings" which is funded by the German Ministry of Economy (BMWi), a building for the DB Netz AG has been realized and monitored. The design concept of the building is dominated by architectural solutions for ventilation, cooling and lighting of the office rooms. Due to the change of responsibilities during the design and building process, the targeted primary energy consumption of 100 kWh/m 2 y has been exceeded so far. The reasons lie primarily in the inadequate operation of the technical systems for heating, ventilation and artificial lighting.

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