A promising approach to reduce the primary energy demand of office-buildings without violatingthermal comfort is passive cooling by thermo-active building systems (TABS). The presented studyintroduces two low-energy office buildings within the framework of the German programme ENOBwhich are conditioned by TABS mainly supplied by geothermal energy.
Positive input ventilation (PIV) systems were installed in a new build housing development inBallantrae in south west Scotland; utilising a glazed sunspace on the south elevation of each dwelling to augment the energy saving potential of the installation. Data logging equipment was installed in each dwelling to enable assessment of the energy efficincy improvement to the property over traditional systems of ventilation.
Information in the UK Climate Change Programme suggests that carbon savings in the domestic sector from end-use efficiency improvements could amount to some 4.7MtC/yr in 2010, based on allowances for improvements to the building regulations, residential energy efficiency improvements and appliance standards and labelling. This paper discusses detailed scenarios that have been developed using the BREHOMES model of the energy use of the housing stock to study the implications of this level of saving.
The White Paper on renewable Energy proposes market measures for fair access to the electricitymarket, fiscal and financing measures, a bio-energy initiative and improved building regulations. Thebuilding's sector represents 20 to 45% of the total energy consumption in the various European countries. A project called RESSET has been undertaken with the aim to study and propose globalstrategies, tools and guidelines that will promote the efficient and cost effective global implementation of Renewable Energy Sources systems and techniques in new-build settlements in Europe.
In this paper the authors present the results of the European AIRLESS programme whose aim was to identify the pollution sources in air-handling units, and then avoid or eliminate this pollution. The authors propose several energy efficient ways to provide good indoor air and efficient indoor environment conditioning.
Designing an HVAC system has different aims, the first one is to satisfy the user with a long-term functioning system in the most energy efficient way and the second is to increase the supply air flow. So the main objective of this paper is to give the fundamentals for a system design that takes into account the 3 factors. The benefit of a pressure controlled variable air volume (VAV) system is presented .
This project lasted from February 1998 to January 2001. The main result from "MATerials for Healthy Indoor Spaces and more energy efficient buildings" project is SOPHIE : a database of indoor pollutants sources, a useful tool for the selection of low polluting materials and components. Other interesting results have been obtained :
- SOPHIE protocol testing for building material
- A new model for IAQ and energy efficiency
- 3 new methods and first results concerning study sorption and diffusion properties of VOCs in the materials
Supply air CO2 control (SACO2) is a technique for measuring the outdoor air fraction in the supply air and controlling the outdoor air intake. It is applicable to recirculating systems serving multiple places where ventilation targets are based on outdoor airflow rate per person. SACO2 offers significant benefits : energy savings, simple maintenance, adequate ventilation and ability to measure and record performance.
In this article, the sources of risk using DCV (demand control ventilation) are examined along with the components typically and the possible ways to minimize risk without sacrificing potential energy savings.