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Dynamic and steady state simulations of real world 'supply air' window installations

This paper deals with the steady state simulations carried out with the CFD software Flovent along with dynamic building energy simulations using the ESP-r programme applied to three buildings (located in Ireland, Poland and Denmark) intended to be equipped with supply air windows coupled with passive stack ventilation systems. Supply air windows consist of two layers of glazing separated by a ventilated layer. Air enters the cavity at the bottom from outsides and enters the building at the top. Systems design from simulation results is discussed.

Exhaust air heat recovery in buildings

The market evolution of domestic exhaust air heat pumps since 1979 in Sweden is described. Some information is also given about the German market. Technologies of different exhaust air heat pumps systems are shown and results of several monitoring projects in Sweden are summarized : they show for houses built in the 1980's an electricity consumption of 90 to 130 kWh/m2/year (including domestic hot water and household electricity), depending on the thermal characteristics of the building envelope. The energy savings thanks to the exhaust air heat pump are about 30%.

Maitrise de l'energie des ventilateurs par une meilleure prise en compte des effets d'installation. Better understanding ventilation energy.

Explains the importance of taking into account several parameters, one of which being the effect of the installation of the ventilator into the circuit, when analysing ventilator energy consumption.

Ventilation modulee. Modulated ventilation.

Modulated ventilation would seem to be an interesting solution, capable of satisfying the demands of air quality in commercial buildings while avoiding thermal losses. The article gives an overview of this type of ventilation system.

New features of the indoor air quality policy in Finland.

The importance of IAQ to Finland's society and economy has led to the realisation that nationally planned and coordinated activities are necessary to achieve reliable results. For 20 years the Finnish government has had a national policy to coordinate different governmental, local and private policies to improve IAQ in homes, schools, offices, public places etc. This program has been very successful although there are still many buildings with damp, mould and other similar problems and the quality of construction falls below that required.

Integrating solar radiation, building mass, thermal insulation, and air ventilation for energy conservation in buildings.

This research investigates the effect of integrating solar radiation, internal building mass, thermal insulation and natural ventilation on building thermal performance. A field study and a computer simulation were conducted on the Beliveau house located in Blacksburg- Virginia. The house designer implemented several new ideas for integrating solar radiation, thermal mass, thermal insulation, and air ventilation to conserve energy. The goal of this study is to investigate the relationships between these design variables.

Designing a Thai bioclimatic roof.

This paper presents an innovative roof design. The roof is designed in response to the Tropical climate of Thailand with respect to human thermal comfort. It is composed of a combination of CPAC Monier concrete and transparent tiles on the outer side, air gap and another combination of gypsum with aluminum foil board and translucent sheets on the house side. It has two functions in operation: In daytime the roof acts as a solar chimney and induces natural ventilation. The transparent tile provides not only ,sufficient daylight for housing but also help in increasing the ventilation rate.

A standard for natural ventilation.

Architecture and engineering journals have been increasingly attentive to innovative non-residential buildings designed with operable windows. Such buildings may rely exclusively on natural ventilation for cooling, or may operate as mixed-mode, or "hybrid" buildings that integrate both natural and mechanical cooling. Architects who want to incorporate natural ventilation as an energy-efficient feature need to collaborate closely with mechanical engineers.

Performance of demand controlled ventilation: case study, energy savings and practical rules.

In order to assess the real performances of different demand controlled ventilation (DCV)systems, two of them were installed in meeting rooms of an office building.The first system is controlled by movement detection on terminal units and has been installedin a small meeting room which is regularly used.The second system is controlled by CO2 detection and frequency variation on fan. It has beeninstalled in a large meeting room (30 persons seated, up to 50 persons standing).The systems have proved to be energy saving with correct CO2 levels.

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