Numerical investigations into the performance of doorway vertical air curtains in air-conditioned spaces

The influence of wind velocity, jet width, jet angle and heat input on the efficiency of doorway air curtains in small air-conditioned spaces was investigated usical numerical simulation. Results show that proper design and installation of air curtain reduce air exchange between indoor and outdoor up to 90%. Optimum performance is obtained when the curtain air just reaches the floor. The corresponding critical air curtain velocity increases with external wind velocity normal to the doorway and with temperature difference between indoors and outdoors.

Two European projects on performance criteria for healthy buildings

Describes two European research projects on performance criteria for healthy buildings in which TNO Building and Construction Research (The Netherlands) is involved : HOPE (Health optimisation protocol for energy efficient buildings : Prenormative and socio-economic research to create healthy and energy efficient buildings) and PeBBu (Performance based building Thematic Network).

Market opportunities for advanced ventilation technology

The document consists in the Proceedings of the 2001 AIVC conference, which took place in in September 2001 in Bath (England). It contains 42 articles corresponding to the speeches given during the Conference.

Low temperature heating systems - Increased energy efficiency and improved comfort

The brochure describes the main characteristics and advantages of low temperature heating systems. It presents 8 buildings with such systems, briefly describing the building and its equipment.

Solar-Campus Juelich - Energy performance and indoor climate

The Solar-Campus Juelich consists of two buildings, as part of the University of Applied Sciences, Aachen, and student dormitories for 136 students (5 row houses), see Figure 1. In a general agreement, the overall energy demand for space heating of all buildings was limited to 40 kWh/m 2 a, which is less than 50% of the existing German national regulation (Wrmeschutzverordnung 1995). Extra costs were provided through the AG Solar of the German state North-Rhine-Westfalia.

Air pressure - A potential force for night cooling of atrium buildings

In order to save energy for building cooling during hot days in regions with cool nights, air circulation throughout the interior of the building has been envisaged as a means to lower the temperature of the building structural mass. In this way, energy required for cooling the building interior is reduced, due to lowered temperature of the wall, ceiling and other structural elements mass, and a greater storage of heat resulting from various heat gains the following day when air-conditioning is on.

Environmental assessment of energy conservation technologies for heating and ventilation - A case study -

More than three quarters of all consumed energy in buildings are used for heating, ventilation and sanitary hot water preparation. Energy conservation on these areas has a great potential for reduction of fossil fuels consumption and could greatly contribute to environmental assessment. In striving for reduction of energy use in buildings new criteria are enforced as a measure for energy use in buildings.

Energy efficiency and renewables in new housing in Ireland

Approximately 300 low energy houses have been built in the Republic of Ireland by the multi-national CRH Plc and South Dublin County Council as part of a co-ordinated European Commission-supported demonstration project, RE-Start (Renewable Energies Strategies and Technology Applications for Regenerating Towns).

Energy certification procedure for educational buildings

Energy conservation represents a main concern for the environmental, economical and social problems. In this field, educational buildings are large consumer of energy and in many countries need retrofits. In this paper, we propose an energy certification procedure for educational buildings which aims to improve learning and teaching environment while reducing energy consumption. The developed procedure is composed of different levels including a phase of diagnosis and then a phase of calculation of the energy consumption and the energy conservation possibilities.

Thermal improvement of indoor environments through an architectural correction

This paper deals with the case of a very important thermal discomfort due to wide open arcades and corridors beneath a building, especially under windy and rainy weather. Building thermal simulations (with ESP-r) and field measurements were operated for a building at Coimbra University (Portugal) to suggest architectural corrections (e.g. closing the arcades with windows and doors) in order to reduce discomfort outside and inside the building sand save energy.