Measurements of air change and energy loss with large open outer doors.

The paper describes measurements made on large doors - 10 to 20 m2 in 2 buildings in Narvik. The air change was measured with the tracer gas (SFg). The method of constant concentration or decaying concentration of the tracer gas was used. The dosing, measuring and calculation of the air change was made with a Briiel & Kjaer gas analyser type 1302 and computer. Use of the decaying method was best with short opening times. The opening of the door in 5 to 7 minutes gives an air exchange of 500 m³ to 1300 m³ or an air change from 0.2 to 1.0.

The use of Hall-Effect sensors to measure the opening position of windows, doors, vents and dampers.

Accurate measurement of the positions of windows, skylights, vents, dampers, etc. has always been a problem for researchers. Often open/closed switches are used which do not indicate the degree of opening which has occurred. The use of Hall-Effect sensors to measure such positions was first proposed for monitoring residential passive air inlets.

Pressure-driven flows around doors.

Air curtains for infiltration control - a computational fluid dynamics analysis.

An investigation has been carried out using computational fluid dynamics methods to study the performance of an air curtain at the door of a heated building. A number of operating conditions have been studied and observations are made on the effectiveness of infiltration control and energy use. Comparisons are also made with previously published design data and results from an accepted infiltration analysis. It is shown that the calculation method generates plausible and very detailed results which conform well to physical interpretation.