Detailed mathematical models of VAV equipment and subsystems have been developed and used tocompose larger DCV systems with a large degree of detail. The models and systems take intoaccount both flow/pressure distribution and thermal/contaminant dynamics. The models have beenvalidated against measurements. A number of detailed simulation cases have been conducted. Theresults show that energy usage depends strongly depends on occupancy, flow rates, chosen setpoints as well as the outdoor temperature.
Demand-controlled ventilation (DCV) has largely been documented in the literature through fielddemonstration projects and computer simulation studies. However, in France and in the majority ofEuropean countries, the use of this technique is still quite limited.
Integration of building components and ventilation systems is an effective way to control thermal loads, especially cooling loads. The key point of the system which has been studied in this paper is a special hollow building slab which allows the penetration of variable ventilation air flows. The ventilation rate may be adjusted following a specific control strategy, in order to activate the thermal mass of the slab, and enhance the free cooling effect in the night time.
Supply air CO2 control (SACO2) is a technique for measuring the outdoor air fraction in the supply air and controlling the outdoor air intake. It is applicable to recirculating systems serving multiple places where ventilation targets are based on outdoor airflow rate per person. SACO2 offers significant benefits : energy savings, simple maintenance, adequate ventilation and ability to measure and record performance.
In this article, the sources of risk using DCV (demand control ventilation) are examined along with the components typically and the possible ways to minimize risk without sacrificing potential energy savings.
In the scope of the EU supported project RESHYVENT, the possible integration of Renewable Energy Solutions (RES) into hybrid ventilation systems has been analysed. The focus has been on solar and wind applications to substitute the use of fossil fuel. The feasibility of the investigated options depends on the ventilation concept the RES is integrated into, the location of the building geographically, placement of the RES in the building and on the urban environment.
The aim of the project is to study, develop, build (prototype system) and evaluate an energy efficient demand controlled hybrid ventilation system for dwellings in a cold climate. Hybrid ventilation in a cold climate means a ventilation system with low pressure drops, which result in a minimisation of the mechanical energy for ventilation, and that natural driving forces can play an important role.
The purpose of this system is to provide one improved ventilation system allowing significant good indoor air quality, heating (and cooling) energy savings and acceptable thermal comfort on summer, by using especially renewable energy.This concept is based on sensors measuring relative humidity in bathroom and kitchen, occupancy in bedrooms and toilet, and agitation (i.e.
Within the EU RESHYVENT project four demand controlled ventilation systems have been developed, each one for a specific application field. The scientific support work for the industries has been reported in a number of documents. A number of these reports will be published as AIVC Technotes after completion of the project.
The main objective of the demonstration project LabSan is the innovative energetic retrofitting of a research laboratory building (3724 m² net floor area) which can serve as an outstanding and guiding example for a large number of existing laboratory buil