In this paper the required ventilation air flow rates in residences with different pollutant loads are considered. The calculative study was carried out by using the load data presented in the literature. The results of the study were applied in the development and dimensioning of demand controlled ventilation systems. The first stage of calculations was to determined the required ventilation air flow rates (range) with different loads for each type of rooms separately. In the analysis of required ventilation air flow rates due to material emissions, the Monte Carlo-method was applied.
The controllability of room air temperature in different heating systems connected to demand controlled ventilation systems was studied. Studied ventilation systems were exhaust, supply and exhaust and a system with exhaust and an individual supply to each apartment. Studies were made using PIPNET-simulation program package. It is designed to allow detailed simulation of entire building systems: the building shell, heating and ventilating plant and the dynamic thermal interactions among the subsystems. First single zone calculations were performed.
As part of the IEA Research Program Annex 18 "Demand Controlled Ventilating Systems" were tested in a one-family testhouse in relating to energy and ventilating specific aspects. The investigation should show whether demand controlled systems are useful in dwellings or not. Following items were checked: * Infiltration characteristics of the testhouse * Ventilation characteristics of different systems like temperature distribution, air movement, ventilating efficiency, air exchange and air quality.
As part of the IEA Research Program Annex 18 "Demand Controlled Ventilation Systems" various ventilation systems were examined in a test room. During research, in addition to thermal comfort issues, removal of particles was of importance. In order to assess ventilation systems, besides using pressure - volume current graphs, the air exchange rate was frequently applied as a criterion. The air exchange rate is, however, defined only for gaseous components.
The functional and technical requirements which have been set for ventilation systems in dwelling houses of the future will result in ventilation systems featuring trouble-free and demand-controlled operation. This paper discussed the functional requirements and technical solutions of such ventilation systems.
Many of the environmental problems occurring indoors are caused by an inadequate supply of outdoor air to remove the contaminants generated by the pollutant sources in the building. To achieve good indoor air quality, it may therefore be nec