CFD Modelling of Natural Ventilation: Combined Wind and Buoyancy Forces

Results of a CFD simulation of the wind-assisted stack ventilation of a single-storey enclosure with high and low-level ventilation openings are presented and compared with both the laboratory measurements and the analytical model of the flow and thermal stratification developed by Hunt and Linden (2001). Comparisons show that close quantitative agreement is obtained between the thermal stratification predicted by the CFD and the analytical model and experimental measurements.

Numerical simulation on the cooling effects of solar chimney by natural ventilation for a school building.

The results of numerical simulation on the effects of solar chimney for ventilation in the new building of Faculty of International Environmental Engineering Kitakyushu University, Japan are described. The air velocity and pressure within the solar chimney were estimated by simplified methods and CFD calculation and both results agreed quite well. It was found that the air flow rates would depend on the inside wall temperatures and section ratio of solar chimney with the same section area.

Development and validation of a zonal model - POMA.

Describes a simplified numerical model, POMA (Pressurized zOnal Model with Air-diffuser, intended to predict the airflow pattern and thermal distributions within a room. The authors introduced jet characteristic equations into the model to make its application general for mechanically ventilated buildings. The models prediction was compared with experimental results and with that of another zonal model and a CFD model. Both natural and forced ventilation were considered. States that the findings show that the POMA model is a practical tool for ventilation system design.

CFD analysis and energy simulation of a gymnasium.


Appropriate flow rate for Push-Pull ventilation system.

When designing push-pull ventilation system as usual, it has been considered that supply airflow should be thoroughly exhausted by suction inlet. However, an escape of some of the supply airflow from an exhaust inlet could be permitted in the push-pull ventilation system, if all of the contaminants transported to the exhaust inlet do not escape and can be exhausted. In this study, we investigate appropriate flow rate for push-pull ventilation system by using CFD techniques.