The assessment of human exposure to airborne contaminant is an important issue in building design. The physiological significance of such exposure and technical means to minimise such risks have long been known in literatures. (1, 2, 3) In recent years, computational works have increasingly been seen used as design assessment tools as an alternative to site measurement and wind tunnel tests.
A currently unresolved problem in building design is the paradox between increasing demand for good thermal insulation, and the requirement for ample levels of ventilation, to maintain a healthy indoor environment. A possible solution to this problem is a supply air 'ventilated' window. This utilises an airflow between panes to pre-heat ventilation air to the building, and to reduce thermal convection losses, thus reducing the window Ue-Value.
The airborne transmission of disease is a constant threat and while diseases such as Tuberculosis were considered all but extinct in the western world, the resurgence of it demonstrates that the spread of these diseases has to be taken very seriously. This paper describes the method of application of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), more appropriately called Airflow Modelling for the Building Services Industry, to the airflow and heat transfer in a Hospital Isolation Room Application.
The present paper refers to the numerical prediction of air velocities and temperatures inside single-sided naturally ventilated buildings and more specifically the special case in which air from the external environment is brought into the building through single-directed openings. The work is focused on the physical procedures governing air movement during the single-sided natural ventilation.