Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 06/17/2014 - 13:36
It is the goal of climate-adapting buildings to make used of the natural regularity to decrease indoor temperature and improve thermal comfort. In the aviation building in Sanya airport, the control mode of thermal environment—combination of natural ventilation, air modulation by mechanical fans and air-conditioning is promoted. The CFD software PHOENICS is employed to simulate the potential of natural ventilation and air modulation by mechanical fans in different plans under typical meteorological conditions of Sanya in summer.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 05/06/2014 - 15:37
Ensuring the thermal comfort and improving the ventilation effectiveness are important goals designing ventilation systems. This study describes effects if the ventilation system of a room is run in an instationary operation mode. That means that the inflow velocities are varied in time. The influence of different periodic times of the variation of the inflow velocities is investigated numerically with CFD simulations. The CFD simulation setup is validated by comparing CFD results with experimental data (Aachen Model Room).
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 02/10/2014 - 08:33
Buoyancy-driven natural ventilation in ventilation shafts is investigated with a small scale physical experiment within a duct and CFD simulations of an office building. For a fixed exhaust opening, smaller shafts lead to higher flow rates in upper floors of a multi-storey building with a shared ventilation shaft. These higher flow rates are caused by increased vertical momentum within the smaller shafts that induce flow through upper floors, an effect referred to as the “ejector effect”.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 11/06/2013 - 09:58
It still remains heat loss and high risk of moisture condensation occurrence at glass of window because they have relatively poor insulating qualities and usually contribute the greatest heat loss by heat conduction in residential buildings. Although many attractive window systems are proposed to reduce heat loss such as double and triple glazing, low emissivity film coated glazing, argon gas injected glazing, vacuum insulated glazing, double-pane and triple-pane window etc., it has also demerits such as high initial cost and indoor air quality problem.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 11/06/2013 - 09:48
Accuracy in estimation of airflow through windows is the key parameter for modelling and designing of naturally ventilated buildings. The flow through windows is usually described by the orifice flow plate equation. This equation involves the discharge coefficient. In practice, often a constant value of discharge coefficient is used. The constant value of discharge coefficient leads to deceptive airflow estimation in the cases of centre-pivot roof windows. The object of this paper is to study and evaluate the discharge coefficient of the centre pivot roof window.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 11/06/2013 - 09:20
The need for thermal comfort and clean air for occupants in buildings or vehicles is vital since we spend more than 90% of our time inside these enclosed environments. Worldwide, current directions of the leading powers are oriented towards the reduction of the energy consumptions and HVAC systems make no exception. Personalized Ventilation (PV) applied to buildings may represent a solution to this problem. The main idea of PV is to provide clean air close to the face of each occupant and to improve thermal comfort in his microenvironment.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 11/05/2013 - 17:57
This article deals with summer comfort and room air distribution in low-energy housings. In such buildings, the efficient thermal insulation and air tightness make it crucial to efficiently dispose of the heat released by the internal gains. In this prospect, the comfort in a test room resulting from an integrated cooling and ventilation system is assessed both experimentally and numerically. The air is supplied into the room close to the ceiling through a wall-mounted diffuser of complex geometry composed of 12 lobed nozzles.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Fri, 11/01/2013 - 10:33
In this study, we developed an integrated simulation procedure for prediction of concentration of contaminant exposure using a multi-nesting method connecting building space, a Virtual Manikin, and bronchus airway in humans. On the basis of this numerical simulation, detailed information on the unsteady spacial distribution of contaminant concentration, the breathing concentration of infectious contaminant, and the non-uniform distribution of contaminant deposition in nasal airway could be provided for designers of indoor environments in the design stage and also for residents.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Fri, 11/01/2013 - 10:32
The overarching objective of this study was to develop a numerical model based on computational fluid dynamics to predict aerosol concentration distributions in indoor environments. Towards this end, this paper proposes a wall surface deposition model of nano-scale aerosol that can predict unsteady deposition flux of aerosol indoors; it also reports the results of sensitivity analyses for targeting a plug-flow-type chamber.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 10/31/2013 - 23:03
The indoor environment can play a significant role in the transmission of and exposure to various contaminants. In the case of some emerging aerial infections, such as those caused by influenza virus and tuberculosis virus, the airborne route of transmission is considered to be important for evaluating the health risk associated with exposure to contaminants.