AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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air leakage

Measured pressure equalized performance of an exterior insulation finish system (EIFS) specimen.

Describes a research and development project that has been started in order to generate design guidelines for PER walls. The three tasks covered are computer modelling, experimental evaluation and development of design guidelines. Describes the results of the experimental evaluation of an exterior insulation finish system. The systems were evaluated for air leakage characteristics, pressure equalization response and water penetration. Concludes that a wall designed to PER principles is more able to resist rain penetration.

Airtightness of 12 non residential large buildings. Results from field measurement studies.

We investigate the airtightness of 12 French non-residential buildings, by means of experimental fan-depressurization tests. For this study, 12 recent large (volume > 500 m 3 ) buildings have been chosen according to the construction structure and the activity. Four categories of buildings have been selected : hotels, schools, offices and polyvalent halls. We assessed the air leakage rate of each building, with a fan-depressurization equipment, following the recommendations of the international norm project ISO 9972.

Air leakage characteristics, test methods and specifications for large buildings.

A literature survey was conducted to identify measured airtightness values for various types of large buildings including Multi-Unit Residential Buildings (MURBs); offices; schools; commercial, industrial and institutional structures. Data was identified for 192 buildings in Canada, the United States, Great Britain and Sweden.

A predictive method to determine the leakage area needed in residences for IAQ control by infiltration.

A technique has been developed to estimate the equivalent leakage area needed in residences to provide a quantity of infiltration-driven air exchange which exceeds a design value for a desired level of frequency of occurrence. The technique presented applied an air infiltration simulation model to hourly long term weather data to provide hourly estimates of the infiltration weather factor. Cumulative frequency distributions (CFD) were then used to describe the distribution of these data when 1-, 3-, 6-, 8-,12-, 24-, and 48-hour time periods were grouped together.

Impact of air leakages and short circuits in ventilation units with heat recovery on ventilation efficiency and energy requirements for heating

The impact of unintentional air flows on the performance of ventilation units with heat recovery is discussed on the basis of single room ventilation units. Assuming an external short circuit (outdoor) and internal (inside the ventilation unit) air leakages, which lead to internal short circuits, a model is developed and characteristic numbers for ventilation efficiency, efficiency of heating load reduction and effectiveness of electrical energy use are derived.

Testing building for air leakage

Pressure testing techniques have long been used in the laboratory on building components such as windows, for example, to ensure that rain will not penetrate them under windy conditions.

Pre processor for ventilation measurement analysis.

It is well known that the introduction of tracer gas techniques to ventilation studies has provided much useful information that used to be unattainable from conventional measuring techniques. Data acquisition systems (DASs) containing analog-to-digital (ND) converters are usually used to perform the key role which is reading and saving signals to storage in digital format. In the measuring process, there are a number of components in the measuring equipment which may produce system-based noise fluctuations to the final result.