This paper presents a stochastic single zone model for a hybrid ventilated building. Wind pressure and stack effect are used to drive air through the enclosure assisted by a fan in case of insufficient natural driving forces. Based on Monte Carlo Simulation, the model calculates the time varying airflow rate considering the random nature of input. An important aspect when considering stochastic models for hybrid ventilated buildings is the control strategy. The airflow in the present model is controlled by a damper and a fan using a PI controller. Model input comprises among other things control parameters, damper and fan characteristics, and stochastic models of wind and external air temperature based on Design Reference Year data. The method is illustrated by means of a test case. The results are presented in the shape of statistics, e.g., mean value and standard deviation.
Stochastic single zone model of a hybrid ventilated building.
Hong Kong, City University, Division of Building Science and Technology, 2001, proceedings of IAQVEC 2001, "Indoor Air Quality, Ventilation and Energy Conservation in Buildings: Fourth International Conference", held Changsha, Hunan, China, 2-5 October, 2