Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 06/26/2023 - 10:13
PCM (phase change materials) is an innovative technology and an effective method for improving the thermal mass of buildings owing to it possesses the property of large thermal capacity within a limited temperature range, which is similar to an isothermal energy tank. However, most of the previous studies focused on the combination of PCM and walls that the utilization potential of rooftop is lack of concern though there is a significant amount of heat gains from rooftop.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 06/26/2023 - 10:09
Responding to the hot humid climate, the Taiwan government expects to broadly install air-conditioning in classrooms to provide a comfort study environment for school buildings and prevent the risk of overheating; therefore, corresponding to the installation of air-conditioning, it is important to draw up the energy-saving strategy while considering the thermal comfort.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 02/12/2020 - 13:03
This special issue on Breakthrough of natural and hybrid ventilative cooling technologies: models and simulations, together with the connected issue Breakthrough of natural and hybrid ventilative cooling technologies: strategies, applications and case studies (vol. 16, issue 1), focuses on methods, tools and technologies for reaching the above-mentioned goal through the use of ventilative cooling, i.e. cooling by controlled natural ventilation (CNV). This strategy is one of the most cost-effective alternatives to air-conditioning systems.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 12:10
This study presents a comparison of three ventilation systems; automated Natural Ventilation (NV), balanced Mechanical Ventilation (MV) with heat recovery and Hybrid Ventilation (HV) with heat recovery for a new build office building.
The energy demand for heating and electricity as well as the indoor climate of the building were simulated using IESVE. Three key European cities were selected (Copenhagen, Munich and London) in order to investigate the applicability of the principles to different climatic conditions in Europe.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 12:07
More than 64 million pupils spend more time in school than in any other place except home in Europe (European Commission, 2014). The indoor air quality is often a challenge in existing school buildings and the lack of proper ventilation often leads to negative effects like increased absenteeism and sick building syndrome symptoms as well as lowered performance amongst students compared to new buildings.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 11:09
A “heat recovery hybrid ventilation system” is the combination of passive stack ventilation and mechanical push-pull ventilation. Two heat storage boxes are connected to the natural EA stack and the underfloor natural OA duct. The alternation is done periodically in a way of that the outdoor air is drawn through one of 2 boxes contains earth tiles and the indoor air is exhausted through the other box.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 03/22/2016 - 12:26
The scientific literature often reports example of educational buildings with extremely poor ventilation performance. An in-field investigation for the environmental and energy assessment of a kindergarten in Milano, confirmed that operable windows were not operated when the average daily temperature dropped below 14 °C, jeopardizing indoor air quality and kids learning performance.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 05/28/2015 - 13:28
The term of “Active House” recently developed, addressing houses that target a balanced optimization of indoor environmental quality, energy performance and environmental performance. According to the idea of not only being energy efficient and eco-friendly, Active Houses equally focus on indoor environmental qualities, in particular daylight and air. With their tendency towards intensive sun penetration, natural ventilative systems and generally intensive connections to the exterior, Active Houses challenge the balance of technical and individual indoor climate control.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 08/19/2014 - 10:20
This paper presents a study of the potential for the use of natural ventilation systems in Portuguese multi-family residential buildings under winter climatic conditions. The behaviour of various natural ventilation systems is tested in a standard residential dwelling, using the TRNSYS 15 and COMIS 3.1 software programs. This study leads to the conclusion that the use of hybrid ventilation systems can save a considerable amount of the energy normally spent on continuously operating mechanical ventilation systems.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 07/02/2014 - 11:46
The objective of this paper is to assess methods of thermal comfort for use in mixed-mode office buildings located in hot-humid summer climate based on air-conditioning consumption of a predominant typology of real mixed-mode office buildings. Three methods to assess thermal comfort were analysed: (1) Givoni’s chart for hot and humid climates, (2) ASHRAE 55-2010 for determining acceptable thermal conditions in occupied spaces, (3) ASHRAE 55-2010 for determining acceptable thermal conditions in naturally ventilated spaces.