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A parametric study of Trombe walls for passive cooling of buildings.

Gan G, 1998
computational fluid dynamics | ventilation rate | solar chimney | passive cooling
Bibliographic info: UK, Energy and Buildings, No 27, 1998, pp 37-43
Languages: English

Air movement in a naturally-ventilated room can be induced through the use of a solar chimney or Trombe wall. In this work Trombe walls were studied for summer cooling of buildings. Ventilation rates resulting from natural cooling were predicted using the CFD (computational fluid dynamics) technique. The renoramlization group ( RNG) k-e turbulence model was used for the prediction of buoyant air flow and flow rate in enclosures with Trombe wall geometries. The CFD program was validated against experimental data from the literature and very good agreement between the prediction and measurement was achieved. The predicted ventilation rate increased with the wall temperature and heat gain. The effects of the distance between the wall and glazing, wall height, glazing type and wall insulation were also investigated. It was shown that in order to maximize the ventilation rate, the interior surface of a Trombe wall should be insulated for summer cooling. This would also prevent undesirable overheating of room air due to convection and radiation heat transfer from the wall.

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