Brohus H., Nielsen P.V., la Cour-Harbo H., Lykkegaard M., Dam M., Jensen B.V.
Bibliographic info:
RoomVent 2004, 9th international conference in University of Coimbra - Portugal, 5-8th september 2004, pp 6, 13 Fig., 3 Tab., 6 Ref.

The paper examines the possibilities of using simple CFD models in practical smoke ventilationdesign. The aim is to assess if it is possible with a reasonable accuracy to predict the behaviour of smoke transport in case of a fire. A CFD code mainly applicable for ordinary ventilation design is used for the examination. The CFD model is compared with benchmark tests and results from a special application fire simulation CFD code. Apart from benchmark tests two practical applications are examined in shape of modelling a fire in a theatre and a double faade, respectively. The simple CFD model uses a standard k- e turbulence model. Simulations comprise both steady-state and dynamic approaches. Several boundary conditions are tested. Finally, the paper discusses the prospects of simple CFD models in smoke ventilation design including the inherent limitations.