Automatic measurements of air change rates (decay method) in a small residential building without any forced air-heating system.

Describes an automatic measurement system for air infiltration and discusses factors influencing the measurements in single rooms or in a group of connected rooms. The system works on the decay rate method and is controlled by a purpose-designed controller. The test data are evaluated off-line by computer. Discusses in detail the instrumentation and test procedure Gives results of measurements made in a detached house and correlations of the test data with wind and temperature difference data. Gives a comparison with pressurization data.

Air infiltration measurement techniques

Presents a survey of tracer gas techniques for measuring air infiltration and includes a theoretical derivation of the equations, a description of each method, and a short description of the experimental procedure. Derives a qualitative error analysis which concentrates on mixing problems and uses it to compare the strengths and weaknesses of each method.< Derives the theory of multi-chamber infiltration measurements in situations involving many interconnected spaces (network type models).

Some observations on the problem of defining mean wind speeds representative of flow over urban and suburban terrain.

Examines the problem of defining a mean wind speed which reflects the general characteristics of the surrounding terrain for the particular case of the area around Sheffield University. This problem has arisen in connection with the data analysis procedures for a full-scale wind force measurement project where a reference wind speed is required for data presentation.< Compares the mean wind structure over the area, taken from wind tunnel models with an analysis of data from three anemometers on site.

Effect of wind on the energy consumption of a domestic dwelling.

Presents a method of analysis to separately quantify the amounts of heat loss due to transmission and to air infiltration. The analysis is based on daily gas and electricity readings for a flat. Discusses three models for calculating heat losses; the regression model, the static thermal model andthe dynamic thermal model. Only the static and dynamic models have the ability to predict some of the individual terms in the heat balance equation.< Concludes that all three models may be used for a first estimate of the total amount of energy consumption.

Natural ventilation rates in modern housing.

Reports work done at the Building Research Establishment on natural ventilation rates. Outlines a current project in cooperation with BSRIA to determine whole house and individual ventilation rates in 30 houses. Also mentions work under way at the National Engineering Laboratory to develop a simple low-cost heat exchanger.

Measurement of radon daughter concentrations in air.

Briefly describes instrumentation and techniques for measuring concentrations of radon daughters in air. Reports measurements of radon daughter levels made in nine structures in Grand Junction, Colorado. Tailings from uranium mines had been used in their construction and measurements were made in the basement or first-floor of slab type structures. Gives results in the form of average concentration with standard deviation.

A prototype semi-automated system for measuring air infiltration in buildings using sulphur hexafluoride as a tracer.

Describes a system which automatically operates a small gas chromatograph and measures parts per billion concentrations of sulphur hexafluoride in air. It samples air on a 10-minute cycle and records the response on a strip chart recorder. When SF6 in distributed in the air of a building, data is obtained from which air infiltration rates may be determined.

A computer technique for predicting smoke movement in tall buildings.

Describes a computer technique for analysing air movement resulting from stack effect in a tall building. Describes the method which determines the air flows for all possible paths through exterior walls and within the building. The building is divided into multi-storey zones based on the design of the building and the HVAC system. Gives an example of the method applied to a building under two different climatic conditions. Considers the problem of thedifficulty in opening doors due to excess pressure across the door.

Controlling moisture in the home.

Ventilation is a key factor in low energy housing and in temperate maritime climates such as Britain's moisture is a major factor in determining ventilation needs. Outlines necessary levels of humidity for both people and buildings. Summarises sources of moisture. Discusses control of humidity by either mechanical ventilation or heat pump dehumidification.

Impact of air infiltration and ventilation on energy losses of buildings.

Discusses heat losses from buildings. Calculates proportion of heat loss due to ventilation under simplifying assumptions. Discusses factors influencing air change rates. Calculates energy that could be saved in the republic of Germany by reduction of ventilation under three different assumptions of energy price increases.