Effective ventilation in offices - the occupant's perspective.

Air quality and draught avoidance are fairly important to office staff; consequently, the occupant's perspective should be taken into account when assessing the relative merits of different methods of ventilation in office buildings. Environmental comfort ratings and a variety of other judgements were collected in interviews with 169 staff in two air-conditioned and three naturally ventilated office buildings.

Inhabitants' behaviour with regard to ventilation.

This report summarises the IEA Annex 8 Study into the behaviour of occupants with regard to ventilation. It assesses the extent to which the actions of occupants can be modified in order to minimise energy use yet maintain adequate indoor air quality. Chapters cover observational techniques, energy loss due to window opening, reasons for window opening and the resultant energy savings from modified use of windows.

Ventilation rates and energy losses due to window opening behaviour.

This paper describes one of the results of the IEA-annex 8 "Inhabitants behaviour with regard to ventilation". Annex 8 has shown that the occupants can play a rather important role with regard to the ventilation rates inoccupied buildings. This paper gives some practical 'rules of thumb' for estimating air flow rates through open windows. An overview of measured and estimated ventilation rates in houses is given from which a simplified approach is derived that takes into account the air tightness of the building and the behaviour.

The role of trickle ventilators in domestic ventilation design.

This paper discusses the use of trickle ventilators in the design for natural ventilation in dwellings. The discussion is based around the results of a field monitoring experiment where 17 out of 32 houses were fitted with trickle ventilators as a remedial measure to improve the distribution of ventilation and to reduce the occurrence of condensation. Reductions in condensation, effects on energy use, window opening and occupants views are considered. The paper concludes that t