Occupant's behavior with respect to window opening: a technical and sociological study.

The occupant's behavior with respect to window opening may greatly affect the ventilation system, the energy consumption orland the indoor air quality. In order to quantify the magnitude of opening times, many surveys have focused on climatic parameters and concluded to the temporal correlation between the timelength of opening and the outside temperature or the solar irradiation. In this paper, we study the influence of sociological and technical parameters on the average time of opening during the winter.

Stochastic model of inhabitant behaviour in regard to ventilation.

Airflow rates are directly affected by the amount of open area and consequently by the inhabitant behavior with respect to window opening. In this paper, a stochastic model using Markov chains, developed at the LESO to generate time series of single-window opening angle is modified to generate multiple window openings. It is based on data measured by the TNO Delfton 80 identical, 16 openings dwellings located at Schiedam (NL). The model is then validated by a comparison of the real andgenerated data.

Ventilation and energy loss rates after opening a window

In this note we discuss the problem (concealed by the latter statement) of calculating the inside air temperature which varies with time and is, when not measured directly, in general not known. The inside air temperature (Tin), which is in betwe

Ventilation characteristics of selected type of buildings and indoor climate.

The paper presents results of ventilation characteristics of a lecture/seminar room obtained by various door-window opening combinations and positions, and the level of comfort and air quality resulted by the given window-ventilating modes. Applying statistical methods, formulae of air change rate for the test room under it's normal operating condition i.e. when all window and external door are shut and when particular windows are opened is also presented and graphs in relation to dominancy factors such as wind and buoyancy effects, are given.