AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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ventilative cooling

Status and recommendations for better implementation of ventilative cooling into Danish standards, building legislation and energy compliance tool

Ventilative cooling (VC) is an application (distribution in time and space) of air flow rates to reduce cooling loads in spaces using outside air driven by natural, mechanical or hybrid ventilation strategies. Ventilative cooling reduces overheating in both existing and new buildings - being both a sustainable and energy efficient solution to improve indoor thermal comfort. In new buildings VC, may save cooling energy and thereby make it easier to fulfil future energy legislation for buildings.

Influence of night ventilation on the cooling demand of typical residential buildings in Germany

The current type of construction preferred for new high energy efficient buildings in Germany, featuring highly insulated building components and an almost completely airtight building shell, raises several new challenges with regard to design, construction and use of these buildings. Cooling, in particular, is an issue that gains importance also in the residential sector, in connection with rising temperatures induced by the climate change.

Ventilative cooling in a single-family active house from design stage to user experience

Ventilative cooling through window airing presents a promising potential for low energy houses in order to avoid overheating risks and to reduce energy consumption of air conditioners. This case study aims at describing how ventilative cooling has been taken into account as from the design stage of a low-energy single-family active house located near Paris. Its performance on thermal comfort and air renewal, monitored from both sociological (feedback from a family) and scientific approach, is described and compares these two qualitative and quantitative approaches.

Design and performance of ventilative cooling: a review of principals, strategies and components from International case studies

Overheating is an unwanted consequence of modern building designs and internal gains that will be aggravated by the effects of climate change on local climates within urban and suburban areas. To minimise the energy cost of limiting overheating several different approaches exist for passive cooling dissipation techniques. Free cooling by ventilation, or Ventilative Cooling, (VC), is a generally accepted effective, energy efficient, mitigation strategy to building overheating. There are many factors that influence the design and selection of suitable VC strategies.

Energy Performance Indicators for Ventilative Cooling

The lack of indicators assessing ventilative cooling effectiveness in a way to compare it with active cooling technics, makes its acceptance more difficult. Practitioners, norms, standards and guidelines are used to design and evaluate cooling systems in terms of Cooling Power (CP) or Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER). What could be the CP of a passive technique based on a day to night offset of the cooling process? What could be the SEER of mechanical night ventilation for summer cooling?

Ventilative cooling potential based on climatic condition and building thermal characteristics

We introduce a new method for defining ventilative cooling potential (VCP) for office buildings that depends not only on the climatic conditions but also on building thermal characteristics. The energy savings from ventilative cooling differs from building to building; therefore, VCP should be able to represent the actual energy savings—though not perfectly—in order to guide optimization of ventilative cooling parameters during the initial design stage.

A study of panel ridges effect on heat transfer and pressure drop in a ventilation duct

CFD simulations were conducted to assess turbulent forced convection heat transfer and pressure drop through a ventilation channel using a stack of panels with different ridge configurations containing Phase Change Material (PCM). First, an experimental rig using an existing commercial panel provided by a PCM manufacturer validates the model simulated in Ansys FLUENT. After that, 3D simulations with different designs were tested until the optimum configuration in terms of heat transfer and pressure drop was achieved.

Mixed-mode ventilative cooling opportunity for an existing shopping mall retrofit

Shopping centres currently design has included a small portion of automated windows sized for smoke ventilation. Their presence is mandatory for fire regulation and they are usually operated just in case of fire. Nevertheless, these buildings can potentially take advantage of those openable windows to exploit the potential of natural ventilation to guarantee the minimum air change rate required by IAQ standards and for ventilative cooling purpose reducing cooling and electrical consumption.

Experiences regarding draught effects for ventilative cooling in cold climate

New buildings have to satisfy stricter standards regarding energy efficiency and consumption. This results in higher insulation levels and lower air leakages that reduce heating demands. However, together with the heating demands reductions, higher temperatures in summer and particularly shoulder season are more frequent even at moderate to cold climates. In order to ensure acceptable indoor environment quality, removal of excess heat becomes unavoidable. Using mechanical cooling in residential buildings is considered incompatible with achieving zero energy buildings (ZEB).

Delivery and performance of a ventilative cooling strategy: the demonstration case of a shopping centre in Trondheim, Norway

Nearly all retail locations use mechanical cooling systems to ensure indoor comfort temperatures and mechanical ventilation to ensure adequate air exchange, primarily for hygienic reasons. Because of the big volumes involved and the lack of knowledge in natural ventilation design, shopping centres designers have been relying on basic HVAC equipment, without considering the potential of ventilative cooling to reduce cooling needs and to maintain an acceptable indoor environmental quality.