AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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ventilation system

Study of air infection risk in the operating theatre

The ventilation system of a hospital operating theatre is designed to provide a comfortable andhealthy environment for the patient and the surgical team. A healthy environment can beachieved by minimizing the risk of contamination through an appropriate filtration and airdistribution scheme. The design and construction of operating theatres in Hong Kong,including the upgrading of the older ones, are based on the UK Health Building Notes andHealth Technical Memoranda.

Evidence of inadequate ventilation in portable classrooms : results of a pilot study in Los Angeles County

This paper deals with a pilot study in portable classrooms where neither adequate ventilation nor associated conditioning of indoor air for occupant comfort were provided. Concentrations of pollutants should be mitigated with an appropriate ventilation and should lead to a reduction of symptoms of "sick building syndrome"

Control of temperature for productivity

The focus of this paper is on cost effectiveness of remedial measures for existing buildings in order to reduce high summer time indoor temperatures. A typical Finnish office building was selected for the analysis. The cost items included in the analysis are: the capital cost of the remedial measure (increase of ventilation, mechanical cooling added in central air handling unit), cost of the used energy (heat and electricity), and the cost of deteriorated productivity due to high temperatures.

HVAC system performance in large office buildings: ventilation, source control and filtration support air quality

In this paper the author develops the key factors that influence the performance of ventilation systems mainly in large office buildings. Information for the efficient operation of these systems is provided.

Sizing VAV boxes

This article sums up a detailed analysis of variable air volume (VAV) box control. Sizing criteria are provided in order to minimize the life-cycle cost in typical application.

Implementation of a ventilation system with clean installation method

It is showed that side grinder produce significantly metal sheet dust onto the inner surfaces ofventilation ducts. New, cleaner installation method was developed in which shears are used asinstallation tools. The aim of this study was to carry out ventilation system installations atthree building sites with clean installation method and to collect information about operatingcharacteristics of the shears by interviewing assembly workers.The results of dust measurements showed that the average amount of dust on the inner surfacesof supply air ducts was very low in all three buildings.

Fault introduction and detection in building HVAC systems

Heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems play an important role formaintaining a healthy and comfort indoor climate for buildings. Faults in the systems decreasethe performance and lead to higher energy consumption or lower thermal comfort level.Researches of the fault detection and diagnosis (FDD) on the building HVAC systems havebeen presented in recent decades. However, many of them use simulation tools or software tocheck the behaviour under the faulty condition. Few people introduced real faults into the realsystems to get the responses.

A cleaning concept for HVAC system

A cleaning concept consists of an evaluation procedure for estimating the need of cleaning, atheoretical model to design a rotating duct cleaning brush, cleaning methods and a verificationmethod of the cleaning result of HVAC system. The visual evaluation method with a videocamera and a display has been developed for a primary method to evaluate cleanliness beforeand after the cleaning work. The results obtained with the theoretical model of the brush werein good agreement with those obtained in the laboratory tests.

A review of occupant responses to localized air distribution systems

This paper is a review of occupant responses to localized (floor and desk mounted) airdistribution systems. These systems offer personal control, and can produce good ambientconditions, but few studies have examined their effects on actual occupants. A review ofeleven studies suggested these systems can lead to favourable occupant responses, which insome cases exceed those encountered using traditional mixing systems. However, most of thestudies included methodological limitations, which reduce the strength of conclusions that canbe drawn.

Individual control of air velocity for increasing productivity

Subjective experiments were conducted in a climatic chamber to evaluate the effect ofindividual control of air velocity on productivity. For the condition of constant air velocity(CAV) subjects were not allowed to control air velocity and for the condition of preferred airvelocity (PAV) they were allowed to control it. The chamber was conditioned at airtemperatures of 31C, mean radiant temperature of 31C, and relative humidity of 50%. Severalcomputer tasks were given to the subjects to evaluate task performance.