Evaluation and demonstration of domestic ventilation systems. VENSET program.

VENSET is a VENtilation Sytems Evaluation Tool for dwellings and is the final result of IEA Annex 27 evaluation and demonstration of domestic ventilation systems.The main idea for this annex was to develop tools to better evaluate domestic ventilation systems in dwellings in various situations. Different systems in various climates must handle situations with a large range of residential behaviour.

Residential dehumidification and ventilation systems research for hot-humid climates

Twenty homes were tested and monitored in Houston, Texas, U.S.A. to evaluate humidity controlperformance and operating cost of six different integrated dehumidification and ventilation systems that could be applied by production homebuilders. Fourteen houses had one of the six integrated dehumidification and ventilation systems and also met a high standard of energy efficiency criteria.

Underfloor & Overhead Ductless VAV Systems

In the 1970's variable-air-volume (VAV) revolutionized the use of air-conditioning for commercial buildings. Now a new revolution is underway with the ductless VAV systems.This article describes the two main types of ductless VAV systems (underfloor and overhead) and explore their benefits such as easier design, lower energy consumption, reduced building-faade costs, improved air quality.

Demonstrating automated faults detection and diagnosis methods in real buildings

The objective of the annex 34 was to develop HVAC fault detection and diagnosis tools, which are closed to commercial products. The approach was to design a number of different computer based demonstration systems that could be interfaced to HVAC processes in buildings. By monitoring the operation of these demonstration systems, researchers were able to test a variety of fault detection and diagnosis methods and technique in a real environment, find possible shortcomings and obtain new ideas for further development.

Advanced ventilation and integrated energy systems for low energy retrofit buildings. A summary from the Sustainable Building Retrofit (SUBURET) Workshop

In the frame of the IEA Future Buildings Forum, a workshop was held January 15 -17 2003 in St. Moritz, Switzerland. The goal of the proposed workshop was to discuss and to decide upon an international collaboration to promote a program for advanced retrofit of existing buildings and community systems.
The proposed topics dealing with energy conservation and renewable energy use in retrofit buildings were:

IEA ECBCS Annex 36 : retrofitting in educational buildings - REDUCE 25 case study reports from 10 different countries

The IEA ECBCS Annex 36 deals with the energy retrofit of educational buildings. Researchers from 10 participating countries from Europe and the US are collecting information on retrofit measures and case studies and are developing an energy concept adviser for technical retrofit measures. This internet-based computer tool for decision-makers is the main outcome of the annex. One of the most important inputs to the tool is the collection and assessment of case studies, which is also presented in a specific report.

A Matlab-based simulation tool for building thermal performance analysis

This paper presents the development of a simulation tool based on the Matlab computational environment for building temperature performance analysis with automatic control. The simulation tool contains mathematical models for buildings, HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning) systems, sensors, weather data and control algorithms. The building mathematical model is described in terms of statespace variables, with a lumped approach for the room air governing equations energy and mass balances. In this context, the simulation tool structure and components are explained.

TRNFLOW, a new tool for the modelling of heat, air and pollutant transport in building within TRNSYS

Modelling of buildings with natural or hybrid ventilation systems requires the coupling of a thermal and an air flow model because of the strong mutual impact of the thermal and the air flow behaviour. The newly developed tool TRNFlow is the complete integration of the multizone air flow and pollutant transport model COMIS [Dorer 2001] into the thermal multizone building module of the building and system simulation program TRNSYS [Klein 2000]. An internal solver algorithm using

Control of ventilation in buildings using Simbad building and HVAC toolbox

There is a growing need for more complex control of ventilation systems to satisfy energy and environmental issues. SIMBAD Toolbox (SIMulator of Buildings And Devices), developed in the SIMULINK graphical environment is a library of HVAC components models that is used in the field of

Etude des performances d'un système de ventilation hybride en France (Study of the performances of an hybrid ventilation system in France)

For that study, a classroom was modelled and a comparison of the performances of a specific hybrid ventilation system with a traditional mechanical system in terms of thermal comfort, indoor air quality concerning the CO2 concentration and energy consumption was made. The experiment was performed in different French cities, it permitted to draw some conclusions about the potential of such an hybrid system according to the main climate characteristics.