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A Study on Incomplete Ventilation in High-Rise Residential Buildings

Guideline for ventilation to improve indoor air quality in apartment housings in Korea was recently enacted and natural or mechanical ventilation system has become mandatory. Meanwhile, as the height of residential buildings goes up, the performance of ventilation system is influenced by stack effect especially in winter. This study is to review how stack effect influences ventilation system in high-rise residential buildings through simulations.

Numerical prediction of particle transport passed through ventilator by CFD with Lagrangian method

The use of CFD technique for predicting the properties of airflow fields and particle movement is effective to carry out parametric study intended for a wide range of particle sizes. In this study, particle dispersions due to turbulent flow and thermophoretic effect were analyzed for a simplified ventilator model. Numerical results that comprise a classification of particle motion, temperature difference and particle diameter were reported.

Experimental method for determining removal efficiency of house dust by mechanical ventilation

Biological contamination has recently become an important issue in the residential indoor environment. In fact, one of the leading causes of allergic diseases is the presence of mold and mites in house dust that accumulates on the floors, near the breathing zone for infants and toddlers. In this research, experimental studies were carried out in order to examine particle removal efficiency in a room with two ventilation systems: a ceiling exhaust system and a slit exhaust system.

The Effects of Ventilation in Homes on Health

It is estimated that people in the developed world spend more than 85-90% of their time indoors. Of this, most is spent in homes. To minimize health risks from pollutants occurring in homes, exposures should be controlled. The most effective way to achieve this is to control sources of pollutants and to reduce emissions. Often, especially in existing buildings, this strategy is difficult to implement, in which case exposures are controlled by providing sufficient, presumably clean, outdoor ventilation air to dilute and remove the contaminants.

A Study of the Influence of Wind on the Containment of Pollutants inside Industrial Buildings

Industrial buildings, as in the nuclear industry, are equipped with ventilation systems, the main role of which is to ensure pollutant containment inside the facility during normal, damaged or accidental situations. To do this, the ventilation system is designed to maintain rooms at lower pressure with respect to the outside environment. The air, taken from the outside, thus flows from the rooms with the lowest contamination risk to the rooms with the highest contamination risk, before being filtered and released into the atmosphere.

A Study on Ventilation Systems for Removing Indoor House Dust

This study evaluated various ventilation strategies for efficiently removing house dust in the indoor environment. Experiments and simulations were performed to study the flow and diffusion fields that are affected by different locations and shapes of outlets. In this study, two kinds of ventilation strategies were considered i.e. ceiling exhaust and slit exhaust. In each case, experimental measurements showed that the characteristics of airflow within the whole room are generally similar except for airflow close to the outlet. CFD flow field and diffusion field simulations were also made.

Comparison of a CFD fire model against a ventilated fire experiment in an enclosure

The definition of a good indoor climate is important to the success of a passenger rail coach, not only because it will decide its energy consumption and thus influence its sustainability but also because good comfort for long journeys is essential. A survey in a coach investigating the thermal and air quality environment was undertaken. The intention is to use the results to optimise the control of the ventilation system to provide an indoor climate that passengers will find comfortable.

Design Considerations for Roof-Mounted Ventilation Systems

A methodology is presented for determining the air flow rate through a stack-ventilated single-spacedenclosure bearing a roof-mounted ventilation tower. We develop a "system discharge coefficient" which takes into account the pressure losses that occur at the intake opening of the enclosure, inside the tower and at the outlet opening. The system discharge coefficient is interpreted as a reduction in the area of the path that the air flow takes. Based on this reduced area the air flow rate is then determined.

Extract and Supply Air Flow Rates in a Large Office Building Before and After Balancing

One of the two air distribution systems serving the office rooms of a 25-year-old large office building was balanced in autumn 2002. The supply and extract air flow rates of 173 office rooms were measured before and after balancing. Before balancing, the air flow rates varied considerably from room to room and many of the office rooms were over pressurised. The average extract air flow rate in the whole of the building was 20.7 L/s.person and the standard deviation 11.0 L/s.person. The aim of the balancing process was to meet the design values dating from 1978.

OPTIMIZATION OF VENTILATION SYSTEMS IN OFFICE ENVIRONMENT, PART II: RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS

Whether one considers the issues related to office workers’ well-being and productivity, or the issues from an energy and environmental perspective, there are clear evidences in favor of improving the quality of office built environment. This paper is con

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