National survey on ventilation system and occupants’ health in japan

The indoor environment and occupants’ health of approximately 5,000 residential buildings were investigated by a questionnaire covering entire Japan. The purpose of this survey is to clarify the association between indoor air pollution and adverse health effect, and to study effective ways of keeping indoor air clear with ventilation systems in house. Questionnaires were distributed to 7,812 occupants living in a house with a mechanical ventilation system across 47 Prefectures in Japan on February 2012 using internet survey web site.

Method to assess the performance of ventilation systems in dwellings considering the influence of uncertainties

Normally, the design of a ventilation system in a dwelling is based on national regulations, related design rules, building tradition and general knowledge about healthy indoor air quality, ventilation and air handling units. In practice, the actual performance of ventilation systems is determined by ventilation components, building properties, outdoor environment and occupant behavior. Unspecified items in the design rules and uncontrollable items in the design stage will bring uncertainties which may cause the actual performance deviating from the designed performance.

Dynamic Insulation System applied to Window Frames (Part 2) - Energy saving effects of the proposed system in residential buildings

This paper describes the energy-saving effects of the proposed system with an active ventilation function and a heat pump for heat recovery. First, the temperature of the air supplied through the porous material versus the outdoor temperature was calculated using computational fluid dynamics to set the boundary conditions for the energy simulation. Then, the cooling/heating loads of a typical residential building in Japan were calculated and comparisons were made with and without the proposed system installed.

Effect of Intermittent Operation of Ventilation System on Indoor Air Quality in Apartments

This study analyzed the effect of intermittent operation of ventilation system on changes of indoor air pollutants' levels through field measurements. The changes of indoor air pollutants' levels, such as, CO2, PM10, TVOCs, and HCHO were monitored during 24 hours at each ventilation condition. One group was the operation time: 2 hours, 8hours, and 24 hours. The other group was the changes of start time of ventilation, before noon, after noon, and night, while the ventilation was operated only two hours.

A Study on Incomplete Ventilation in High-Rise Residential Buildings

Guideline for ventilation to improve indoor air quality in apartment housings in Korea was recently enacted and natural or mechanical ventilation system has become mandatory. Meanwhile, as the height of residential buildings goes up, the performance of ventilation system is influenced by stack effect especially in winter. This study is to review how stack effect influences ventilation system in high-rise residential buildings through simulations.

Numerical prediction of particle transport passed through ventilator by CFD with Lagrangian method

The use of CFD technique for predicting the properties of airflow fields and particle movement is effective to carry out parametric study intended for a wide range of particle sizes. In this study, particle dispersions due to turbulent flow and thermophoretic effect were analyzed for a simplified ventilator model. Numerical results that comprise a classification of particle motion, temperature difference and particle diameter were reported.

Experimental method for determining removal efficiency of house dust by mechanical ventilation

Biological contamination has recently become an important issue in the residential indoor environment. In fact, one of the leading causes of allergic diseases is the presence of mold and mites in house dust that accumulates on the floors, near the breathing zone for infants and toddlers. In this research, experimental studies were carried out in order to examine particle removal efficiency in a room with two ventilation systems: a ceiling exhaust system and a slit exhaust system.

The Effects of Ventilation in Homes on Health

It is estimated that people in the developed world spend more than 85-90% of their time indoors. Of this, most is spent in homes. To minimize health risks from pollutants occurring in homes, exposures should be controlled. The most effective way to achieve this is to control sources of pollutants and to reduce emissions. Often, especially in existing buildings, this strategy is difficult to implement, in which case exposures are controlled by providing sufficient, presumably clean, outdoor ventilation air to dilute and remove the contaminants.

A Study of the Influence of Wind on the Containment of Pollutants inside Industrial Buildings

Industrial buildings, as in the nuclear industry, are equipped with ventilation systems, the main role of which is to ensure pollutant containment inside the facility during normal, damaged or accidental situations. To do this, the ventilation system is designed to maintain rooms at lower pressure with respect to the outside environment. The air, taken from the outside, thus flows from the rooms with the lowest contamination risk to the rooms with the highest contamination risk, before being filtered and released into the atmosphere.

A Study on Ventilation Systems for Removing Indoor House Dust

This study evaluated various ventilation strategies for efficiently removing house dust in the indoor environment. Experiments and simulations were performed to study the flow and diffusion fields that are affected by different locations and shapes of outlets. In this study, two kinds of ventilation strategies were considered i.e. ceiling exhaust and slit exhaust. In each case, experimental measurements showed that the characteristics of airflow within the whole room are generally similar except for airflow close to the outlet. CFD flow field and diffusion field simulations were also made.

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