The indoor temperature can be controlled with different levels of accuracy depending on thebuilding and its HVAC system. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potentialproductivity benefits of improved temperature control, and to apply the information for cost-benefit analyses of night-time ventilative cooling, which is a very energy efficient method ofreducing indoor daytime temperatures. We analysed the literature relating work performancewith temperature, and found a general decrement in work performance when temperaturesexceeded those associated with thermal neutrality.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential economical benefits of reducedsummer time temperatures in an office building. We selected for the study, a typical officebuilding in downtown Helsinki. We measured the room temperatures during a summerrepresentatively in the office rooms. In many rooms the maximum temperatures were wellabove 30C in summer 2002. We used these measured data and calculated the potentialsavings due to improved thermal environment. A method for calculating the potential savingswas introduced in paper by Seppnen et al. (2003).
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of elevated summer indoor temperatures onperceived comfort, symptoms and subjectively assessed productivity in an office building.The measurements during spring 2002 showed that indoor environment was at the normalFinnish office building level. The mean room temperature during the 2-week measurementperiod was 22C. An indoor air questionnaire (MM-40-FIN) including additional questionsabout work efficiency was presented to the employees during the measurements. Theperceived indoor environment was at the normal Finnish office level.
This paper presents findings from a recent call centre study conducted in an air-conditionedoffice in the Tropics. The effects of temperature and outdoor air supply rate, each kept at twoset points within currently acceptable limits, were explored in a 2 2 balanced experimentaldesign over a 9-week period. The results indicate that both a slightly cooler thermalenvironment and improved indoor air quality improve performance by reducing average callduration. Temperature and outdoor air supply rate were synergistically related to one anotherin affecting operator performance (P < 0.062).
We conducted an epidemiological study to examine the associations between indoor climate and office workers’ health and working efficiency. We investigated four office buildings in Massachusetts, USA, beginning May 1997 over 1 year. Ninety-eight participa
Correlation analysis of subjective responses of tropically acclimatized office workers in a fieldstudy conducted over nine continuous weeks using a 2 2 balanced design with temperatureand fresh air ventilation rates as control variables revealed that several related SBS symptomsare highly correlated. Thermal comfort and acceptability of air quality exhibit a strongcorrelation, whereas perceived indoor environmental variables have poor correlations amongthemselves. Principal component analysis further improved measures to variability bycombining coherent variables into six factors.
This paper investigates the effect of ventilation on mould growth in a typical Japanese bathroom byuse of the fungal index which indicates the growth rate of a mould, Alternaria alternata S-78. Thebathroom was set in an artificial climate where the temperature and relative humidity (RH) werekept constant. The temperature, RH and fungal index in the bathroom were measured under severalventilation methods after taking a bath.
The performance of a Personalized Ventilation (PV) system with regard to air qualityperceived by people was studied at three room temperature levels: 23, 26 and 29C. Thirtyhuman subjects participated in the experiment. The system supplied both isothermal (23, 26,29C) and non-isothermal (23C) outdoor air from an outlet attached to a moveable arm. Thesubjects were delegated with control of both airflow velocity and its direction. Physicalmeasurements performed with a breathing thermal manikin were used to explain the resultsfrom the human subject experiments.
The thermal comfort response of Korean college students was investigated in a thermalenvironment chamber both in summer and winter seasons. Eight thermal conditions consistingof four air temperatures (24, 26, 28, 30C) and three relative humidities (40, 60, 80%) wereselected in summer. Eight thermal conditions consisting of five air temperatures (18, 20, 22,24, 26C) and two relative humidities (40, 60%) were chosen in winter. In each test, sevenfemales or seven males were questioned in the chamber for 3 h, where thermal and comfortsensations were surveyed every 15 min.
This study suggests a computer model capable of predicting thermal environment of an atriumand calculating indoor sol-air temperature, which can evaluate the influence of heat loads thatthe atrium space puts on the adjoining rooms. The computer model is based on zonal modelcombined with the solar radiation model using the Monte Carlo method and ray-tracingtechnique. The accuracy of computer model was validated through scale model test and fieldmeasurement. The average relative error of solar radiation model for predicting solar radiationintensity in atrium space was 11.8%.