Energy savings: Measurements in an office building stage 1. Energisparingar: Matningar i kontorsbyggnad Etapp 1.

An energy saving survey was carried out in an office building in Stockholm during the autumn of 1978. The measures which were proposed are now being carried out. This report details the measurements made which include, airtightness testing of the building, pressure drops across facades, air flow measurements, temperature measurements in ventilation systems, temperature measurements in rooms, boiler combustion efficiencies, electricity consumption, oil consumption and thermographic inspection.

Wind tunnel pressure measurements on the Aylesbury low-rise housing estate.< Part III. Additional experiments.

Describes further experiments from the wind tunnel simulation of wind pressures on the Aylesbury housing estate. These experiments are not concerned with the acquisition of further data, but are designed to examine the validity of measurements.< Discusses the effect of varying observation and averaging times. Reports results of experiments, varying these times, but finds no observable trends in the dispersion results.

Wind tunnel pressure measurements on the Aylesbury low-rise housing estate:< part II. Mean R.M.S. and extreme pressures with frequency spectra.

Reports root mean square and extreme pressure measurements made on a model of the Aylesbury housing estate in the Oxford wind tunnel. Also presents a complete set of measurements on the test house alone, corresponding to the varied roof pitch records. Presents extreme value data in the form of a Fisher-Tippett type probability function.< Discusses design of the experiments, experimental procedures and results. Gives 47 tables comparing full scale with wind tunnel results. Includes results of wind tunnel measurements made at Bristol University.

Natural wind effects on the infiltration of low-rise buildings.

Reports experimental measurements carried out in a boundary layer wind tunnel at the University of Western Ontario. Both external and internal pressures on two different models were measured with different porosities for the walls. Discusses results and concludes that mean internal pressures measured in thewind tunnel agree well with analytically predicted values that accurate evaluation of internal pressures is necessary to calculate building air infiltration.

A wind tunnel study of the mean pressure forces acting on large groups of low-rise buildings.

Presents the results of a series of wind tunnel tests in which the surface pressure fields of low-rise buildings have been studied. These tests start with an examination of how the body shape influences the surface pressures for a range of isolated bodies. The test results then go on to describe how theparameters which describe an array of such model buildings influence the surface pressures.

An investigation of wind forces on three-dimensional roughness elements in a simulated atmospheric boundary layer flow< Part 3: The effect of central model height variations relative to the surrounding roughness arrays.

Reports a systematic investigation of the wind pressure variations when test models of varying height are surrounded by uniform roughness arrays of various densities in a boundary layer wind tunnel. Describes the effect of the surrounding roughness in shielding the bluff model when the model height is less than the average roughness height and of the degree of exposure experienced by a model taller than the surrounding roughness. Discusses results and gives 24 graphs of pressure coefficients.

An investigation of wind forces on three-dimensional roughness elements in a simulated atmospheric boundary layer flow< Part 2. Flow over large arrays of identical roughness elements and the effect of frontal and side ratio variations.

Continues an investigation of surface pressures on models in a boundary layer wind tunnel. Part One gave results of measurements on isolated models, Part Two considered the same models in arrays of various densities. Gives vertical distribution of pressure coefficients measured on the centre line of windward and leeward faces of all the models in various layout densities. Discusses the effects of varying layout density, aspect ratio and roughness fetch. Includes 64 graphs of pressure coefficients.

An investigation of wind forces on three dimensional roughness elements in a simulated atmospheric boundary layer.< Part 1. Flow over isolated roughness elements and the influence of upstream fetch.

Briefly surveys past work on wind tunnel measurements on the surface pressures on low rise buildings. Describes experimental investigation of the surface pressures on an isolated model. Discusses results of flow around a model of varying height and aspect ratio, and the influence of upstream fetch on surface pressures. Gives figures showing recorded pressure coefficients and details of pressure tappings on the various models.

Instrumentation for Full-scale Wind Load measurement on glasshouses.

Describes apparatus used to measure full-scale wind loads on a glasshouse. Wind pressure was sensed by a Dines anemometer and the variation in wind velocity with height by a small pressure tube anemometer. Wind loads on the glasshouse were sensed by pressure tapping points connected in sequence to micromanometers. Describes apparatus for the recording and analysis of data. States apparatus has been used for two years and found to be reliable in operation.

Comparative measurements of wind pressure on a model of the full-scale experimental house at Aylesbury, England.

The two-storey house at Aylesbury, England, built by the Building Research Establishment for the full-scale measurement of wind pressures has been modelled at 1:500 scale in a boundary layer wind tunnel to verify the reliability of simulation forlow-rise buildings. Describes wind tunnel tests of buildings models of 5 and 22.5 roof slope. Compares surface pressure measurements with full-scale data for various wall and roof locations. For the model terrain best modelling conditions, the results show agreement which is encouraging.