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Daylight and solar data

In building design the ability to predict the effects of daylight is of increasing importance. Daylight can be an important factor in building energy efficiency; in some buildings lighting may account for half the energy cost. This paper describes the weather data that are available for daylight prediction.  First of all the requirements for data are evaluated. For many energy applications, the key quantity is the percentage of the working year a given design illuminance is exceeded by daylight.

Modelling solar data

The objective of this paper is to present validated mathematical models for estimation of hourly and daily solar irradiation on surfaces of arbitrary orientation and tilt from irradiation on a horizontal plane. Daily irradiation on a surface may still be estimated even if only the hours of sunshine are known. To do this regression equations have been established to estimate the hourly or daily diffuse irradiation, given the corresponding horizontal global irradiation.

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