Window air leakage performance as a function of differential temperatures and accelerated aging

The current industry standard for measuring air leakage of windows, curtain walls, and doors is ASTM E283. This test measures the ability of fenestration products to resist air leakage under ideal laboratory conditions which usually are at s

Field air leakage of newly installed residential windows.

Air leakage characteristics of 192 new windows installed in new residential construction representative of those units commonly installed in the Minneapolis/St. Paul Metropolitan Area have been measured and evaluated. The tested windows represented all major operation types, window material types and manufacturers represented in this market segment. The air leakage data obtained in the field were compared to industry and government standards and manufacturers reports for reference.

A test method to determine air flow resistance of exterior membranes and sheathings.

A test method for determination of air flow resistance of exterior membranes and sheathings is described. The test specimen is placed between two chambers with different air pressures and the volumetric air flow rate through it at a steady state is determined. The relevant experimental quantities can presently be measured with precision better than 0.5% and with an accuracy of 2 to 3%, using commercial instruments. However, the instrumental precision does not mean much, due to the uncertainty introduced by material variability normally occurring in commercial products.

The problem of infiltration and air change. Final report. Il problema della infiltrazioni e dei ricambi d'aria. Relazione conclusiva.

Describes a project for the design, construction and evaluation of a mechanical ventilation system of small dimensions, easy installation and extreme simplicity.

Smoke control in VA hospitals.

Smoke control makes use of mechanical fans to produce airflows and pressure differences to control smoke movement. Describes one day of tests of the smoke control systems at the 6-storey VA hospital, San Diego, California. 

Heat recovery devices in ventilation systems. Warmeruckgewinner in raumlufttechnischen anlagen.

The increasing number of heat recovery devices in ventilation systems for residential buildings leads to the necessity for a standard test procedure. In this paper the main examination criteria are stated. The test facilities todetermine the efficiencies and the air leakage of heat recovery devices are specified. The test procedure used is described. Results from different heat recovery units indicate the suitability of the developed test equipment.

Survey of occupants in dwellings with an air heating and ventilation system. Bewonersonderzoek in woningen voorzien van een luchtverwarmings- enventilatiesysteem.

50 occupants of terraced houses, divided into 4 groups, were surveyed three times in October 1981, February 1983 and March 1983. The first group had Isolair air heating and ventilating systems, and were well insulated with double glazing. The second group was heated by radiators and had the same insulation as group 1. Groups 3 and 4 had normal insulation. Results of the surveys are given. The air heating and ventilating system did not provide the level of satisfaction hoped for. The group with the air heating and ventilating system was surveyed again in March 1984.

The development in the UK of performance standards for windows.

Traces the development in the UK of performance based standards for windows from the original British Standard Draft for Development 4 issued in 1971, through the UEAtc MOAT No1 isued in 1974, to the recent BS No 6375 Part 1 1983. The original three attributes of wind resistance, air permeability andwatertightness have been gradually developed. Test methodology has been refined, and for weathertightness levels of performance have been identified to reflect various categories of use.

Air and rain tightness of windows.

Tests of airtightness and raintightness of windows have been carried out continuously at the Swedish National Testing Institute since 1977. As many factors such as size, material, method of opening and type of weatherstrip employed can all vary among windows tested, it is not easy to draw conclusions about the influence of any one factor. Test results for each window are also strongly influenced by the workmanship and quality of the individual window.

Effectiveness and pressure drop characteristics of various types of air-to-air energy recovery systems.

The performance of an HVAC system's air-to-air energy recovery exchanger is defined primarily by the exchanger's effectiveness and pressure drop. The effectiveness is dependent on several parameters such as the supply and exhaust mass flow rates and the energy transfer characteristics of the device. Because of this combination, performance data must be established for each individual type of device.