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numerical modelling

Ventilation performance and indoor air quality in workstations under different supply air systems: a numerical approach.

This paper describes the results of a computational fluid dynamics study to assess the air freshness and percentage of dissatisfied people due to air quality in a partitioned office with different supply air diffusers. The numerical model involves the finite-volume approach of solving governing equations for mass and momentum, assuming that the buoyancy effects are negligibly small in comparison to the inertial effects. The k-s two-equation model of turbulence is used to predict the turbulence transport of flow properties.

Numerical simulation of indoor environment in large indoor spaces with natural ventilation. Part I: Development of a simultaneous simulation technique for inside and outside airflow of large indoor stadiums.

A purpose of this research work is to study the environmental control in large indoor stadiums which utilize the natural ventilation. In these problems, effects by the airflow in and around the stadium should be analyzed. In this research work, a numerical analysis technique which enables simultaneous simulation of indoor airflow and the airflow around buildings was developed adopting composite grid coordinate calculation technique. In this paper, an outline of this technique is described.

CFD simulation of airflows and thermal environment in passive architectures - application to a room with Trombe wall system.

Applicability of CFD simulation to designing passive architectures was investigated using a passive solar room with a Trombe wall system inside it. In the investigation non-steady numerical simulation was performed to predict thermal environment in the test room. Two weather models assuming a typical fine winter day were compared, one was the model based upon the data in Osaka and the other was that in Sapporo. The test room has glazing in the south side wall and in the north side one. Each glazing was covered with an insulating door during night.

Evaluation of natural ventilation in traditional Japanese dwellings and its possibilities of transposition.

This paper deals with the relationship between the characteristics of ventilation and the architectural features on three types of Japanese houses representative of the recent historical evolution in the building of dwellings: a traditional well ventilated house in a rural area, a typical postwar house with a central corridor and a multi-family house of high air-tightness in an urban area. The investigations were carried out based on 3-D numerical air flow simulations with realistic wind conditions.

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