Numerical simulation of transient effects of window openings.

The simulation of room airing (ventilation by means of door/window opening) by means of CFD techniques requires a specially skilled user, because a number of difficulties arise since the first stage of simulations development, when the user is asked to choose the calculation domain and the time step, and choices which in principle appear correct may frequently lead to meaningless results. This work is centered on the 20, transient analysis of a single side enclosure where the ventilation is only due to temperature differences. Wind effect has not been taken into consideration.

Ventilation and stratification in naturally ventilated spaces driven by heated internal vertical surfaces.

This paper reports on research into the fundamental fluid mechanics mechanisms that lead to thermal stratification in a naturally ventilated room containing sources of heat, or cooling. This aspect of natural ventilation has an important influence on both air exchange rates and thermal comfort in a naturally ventilated space. Particular attention is paid to the situation where the major source of heat is a vertical surface, such as a wall heated by solar insolation, for example.

Numerical determination of the effective depth for single-sided natural ventilation.

This paper describes a numerical method for the determination of the effective depth of fresh air distribution in rooms with single-sided natural ventilation. The numerical method involves predicting air flow and the local mean age of air. The renormalisation group two-equation model of turbulence is used with the conservation equations of mass, momentum and energy to predict turbulent buoyancy-induced room air flow. The local mean age of air is then obtained from the solution of air flow equations together with the transport equation for the age of air.

The impact of wind turbulence on the precision of a numerical modelling study.

The aim of this study is to illustrate the importance of the effects of wind turbulence on airchange in buildings. Using two simple configurations, tested over a short period, twoapproaches are compared.The tests are performed using m experimental house which is filly exposed to the wind.

Performance evaluation of a displacement ventilation system for improving indoor air quality: a numerical study.

To evaluate the performance of a ventilation system, the local mean age of air has usually been used to estimate how efficiently fresh air is diffused to a desired location. However, this index alone is often not sufficient to assess the local air quality that is also associated with the property of the contaminant source in a ventilated space. Several new indices have been proposed recently, which enable the use of numerical simulation and appear to be appropriate scales for assessing mixing ventilation systems.

Velocity and temperature prediction in an office room with furniture.

The paper presents results from the numerical modelling of the flow field in an existing ventilated office room. The numerical procedure is based on the 3D Reynolds equations closed by the k-e turbulence model and an equation for temperature solved by the finite volume method. The boundary conditions are set in accordance to detailed measurements of the velocity distribution in the air supply diffuser. The established complex flow conditions in the room, which are due to the presence of furniture and buoyancy forces, are presented.

The influence of air supply and exhaust locations on ventilation efficiency and contaminant exposures in rooms.

An efficient ventilation system is characterised by a well-organised and turbulence-controlled airstream that rapidly corrects disturbances in air quality and thermal comfort in the ventilated space.Air supply and exhaust conditions are investigated here in order to find stable flow conditions andan efficient elimination of both gas and solid phase contaminants. Heat and thermal comfortrequirements are also included.