AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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mechanical ventilation

User experience of mechanical ventilation in houses.

Describes experiments carried out in 4 low energy electrically heated houses incorporating extra thermal insulation and heat recovery mechanical ventilation systems. Airtightness was made an objective so that the ventilation system would provide as much of the required fresh air as possible. Instrumentation was installed during construction to monitor the performance of the houses, with the cooperation of eventual purchasers. The houses were leak tested and sealed where necessary.

The efficiency of ventilation in a detached house.

Uses the SEGAS "Autovent" constant concentration apparatus to measure the fresh air entering and the local ventilation rate in each cell of amulti-celled dwelling with both natural and mechanical extract ventilation. Measures fresh air entry into each cell using tracer gas constant concentration and decay techniques. Conducts decay tests without artificial mixing, and interprets them by computing the area under the decay curve to obtain local ventilation rates. Compares the 2 measurements, giving the ventilation efficiency of each cell and an idea of air quality in each room of the house.

Field trials of ventilation efficiency in buildings equipped with mechanical ventilation systems.

Gives results from fiel trials of the performance of various mechanical ventilation systems. Carries out measurements in buildings built during the seventies, using the tracer gas decay technique with N2O. Tests 3 cases:< 1. Air supplied only through register above door< 2. Air supplied both through register and the slot under the door< 3. Air supplied only through slot under the door.

Domestic ventilation system design - changes in the wind?

Examines the possibilities of achieving energy-efficient ventilation systems in naturally ventilated homes (which include the use of intermittent extract fans in individual rooms). Discusses factors affecting energy efficiency. Treats general design requirements for mechanical and natural ventilation systems. Discusses the characteristics of natural ventilation systems, including leakage, weather and window opening. Compares natural and mechanical systems. Provides suggestions for natural ventilation design.

Warm air systems.Part 1 - temperatures and temperature efficiencies. Part 2 - tracer gas measurement and ventilation efficiency.

Reports the results of over 100 tests of 6 different warm air schemes. The temperatures and the removal of a tracer gas were monitored at several points and the data used to determine the temperature efficiency and ventilation efficiency. For ea

Heat recovery from exhaust air. Varmeatervinning ur ventilationsluft.

Describes the conditions of the "Heat Recovery from Exhaust Air" group of projects of the Swedish Council for Building Research. 

Advice on building - heating and ventilating. Byggrad - varme och ventilation.

Illustrated booklet for the layman on heating and ventilation in housing which discusses the following: oil heating, wood firing, electrical heating, district heating, heat pumps, solar collectors for domestic hot water, ventilation systems, natural ventilation, mechanical ventilation, push-pull systems, heat exchangers, fans. Appendix discusses measurement of oil-fired system efficiency.

The art of ventilation

Traces the relationship between ventilation needs and methods and the growth of civilization. Describes the development of ventilation methods and assessment of air quality, especially since the Industrial Revolution. Questions whether currently accepted ventilation criteria are still valid, andsuggests that ventilation is only one of several means of ameliorating the internal environment.

Definition of ventilation efficiency and the efficiency of mechanical ventilation systems.

Discusses air quality and the related definitions of ventilation efficiency. Suggests a definition of efficiency for ventilation systems in residential buildings that takes into consideration how ventilation air spreads within a dwelling. Measurements of the efficiency for exhaust, supply and combined systems show that for combined and supply systems the highest efficiency occurs in those parts where the air is supplied.

A comparison of alternative ventilation strategies.

Examines several ventilation strategies in tight houses for both impact on the total ventilation and effect on the energy balance of the system. Uses the single-zone infiltration model developed at LBL as part of the calculation of total ventilation load. Strategies covered include natural systems such as ventilation stacks as well as mechanical systems such such as air-to-air heat exchangers and exhaust fans with and without heat pumps.