Parameter estimation of unknown air exchange rates and effective mixing volumes from tracer gas measurement for complex multi-zone indoor air models.

The steepest descent and simulated annealing optimization techniques are used to simultaneously estimate the effective mixing volumes and air exchange rates of a large partition less building exhibiting heterogeneous spatial air flow conditions. The optimization is conducted using varying quantities and qualities of simulated tracer gas measurements. A simulated three-compartment system is numerically investigated to assess the performance of the parameter estimation methods.

Air Flow Characteristic in Scale Models of Room Ventilation

Improvement in methods of air flow pattern scale modelling in large enclosure requires above all, précising the conditions necessary in the model in order to maintain Reynolds number independence of the mean flow, as well as defining ways in which the flow turbulent structure could be simulated. The paper presents the results of experimental analyses of air velocity fields in scale models in the range of Reynolds number 1850 to 98000. The field maps of air velocity mean value were tested.

Indoor climate of large glazed spaces.

In recent years large glazed spaces has found increased use both in connection with renovation of buildings and as part of new buildings. One of the objectives is to add an architectural element, which combines indoor- and outdoor climate. In order to obtain a satisfying indoor climate it is crucial at the design stage to be able to predict the performance regarding thermal comfort and energy consumption. This paper focus on the practical implementation of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and the relation to other simulation tools regarding indoor climate.