Ventilation of an enclosure through a single opening.

Discusses how building ventilation is affected both by steady mean effect of air pressures and temperatures around and within the building and turbulent nature of the wind causing air diffusion through openings and cracks in the building envelope. Studies ventilation of an enclosure with a single opening subjected to turbulent impinging airstream. Derives simple theoretical models to assist understanding of physical phenomena causing air-flow through the opening. Compares these with results of experiments on a large-scale model, states need forfurther work on this problem.

Crack flow equations and scale effect

Reconsiders semi-empirical equations derived from earlier laboratory investigation of flow through cracks. Proposes revised method of application. States equations offer improved technique for estimating open areas of room components. Presents supportive experimental results. Demonstrates implications of the equations regarding scale effect for full-scale and model-scale situations. Presents some results of ventilation rate measurements at model scale to illustrate effects of scale and wind turbulence, flow characteristics of scale model windows and of simple circular holes.

Wind, temperature and natural ventilation - theoretical considerations.

Discusses in theoretical terms complexity of interactions of weather-driven air infiltration by 1) wind and 2) convection induced by indoor/outdoor temperature difference. Notes implications for practice of this complexity such as near impossibility of achieving accurate computer models. Treats flow through a single crack. Illustrates diagrammatically and discusses nature of the interaction of the 2 effects for several idealised examples. In an appendix proves mathematically the subadditivity of the effects for a wide class of situations.

Investigation of the relationship between the natural ventilation of a flat and meteorological conditions.

Investigates energy balance of centrally heated flat at coastal town of Kijkduin, based on daily figures of gas consumption and ventilation losses derived from meteorological conditions. Studies: 1) pressure difference over the building caused by windvelocity, wind direction and outdoor air temperature; 2) natural ventilation caused by pressure differences over fortuitous cracks and intentional opening of windows, grilles and shafts. Studies possibility of ventilation prediction via mathematical model.