AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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"Humid Air" and cooled walls.

The humidity of room air is a necessary influence of design under the aspects of thermalbehavior, technology and conservation.The moisture absorption in the walls through sorptive materials or dehumidification on thecold window surface by dew point condensation is low because of the new thermalcharacteristics of these components.The moisture load of a room briefly or also continuously, caused by technological processesor the users cant be compensated.Today, the walls are used like a floor heating system.

Risk of indoor condensation related to thermal insulation standards.

Condensation phenomena on internal surfaces of buildings are becoming recurrent eventualities in contemporary buildings, particularly in residential buildings. Despite the general belief, this accumulation of water on walls is not mainly due to mass migration from outdoor to indoor, but to a modification of behavioural approaches of people, especially referring to the preferred air temperature.

Positive input ventilation.

Positive input ventilation systems for dealing with dampness in dwellings have been available for many years, but do they really reduce condensation? A DETR-funded research project has provided some answers

Roof ice dams. It's not really a roofing problem.

     Nothing highlights construction shortcomings like severe winter storms. Too often, possible problems are neglected during the construction season when winter and its bad weather seem far removed. The winter of 1999 produced many ice dams on shingle roofs in central and eastern Canada. The resulting leaks caused widespread damage to ceilings, walls and interior .furnishings of many homes.     

Numerical modelling of surface condensation on diffuser for cold air distribution systems.

Condensation on the surfaces of diffuser and cold air dumping are the two major concerns in the application of cold air distribution brought about by the high temperature difference between supply air and room air. Condensation will form if the surface temperature of the diffuser is lower than the dew point temperature of ambient air. The presence of surface condensation can promote growth of unhealthy and smelly mold, and produce unwelcome damage of a structural and/or aesthetic nature. Cold air dumping is a major factor that detracts from thermal comfort in an airconditioned room.

Issues related to venting of attics and cathedral ceilings.

Current model building codes require attic ventilation in all U.S. climates. Originally, these requirements were strictly based on concerns for condensation in attics during winter in cold climates, and they were based on limited technical information. Nevertheless, attic ventilation has become the uncontested strategy to minimize condensation and ice dams during winter and extreme attic temperatures during summer. However, other strategies exist that address each of these problems as well as or better than attic ventilation.

A CFD study for cold air distribution systems.

This paper presents a computational fluid dynamics ( CFD) study of the indoor environment provided by a cold air distribution system using three alternative types of diffusers, i.e., a square multi--cone type, a wall-mounted nou.le type, and a ceiling nozzle type. The surface condensation risk on the diffusers is also discussed using the CFD results and a simple condensation model. An innovative proposal to prevent surface condensation and cold air dumping when using multicone circular diffusers with cold air is presented.

Use of ventilated envelopes in building retrofitting.

The application of a continuous thermal insulation on the external face of building walls ameliorates the thermal performance of external walls and alleviates problems related to thermal bridges. However a further improvement of this insulation system may be achieved by using ventilated walls, which consist of an open ended cavity placed between an insulating board {directly applied on the external side of outer walls) and an external cladding.