Preliminary work has indicated that thermography can be used to determine air leakage pathways from or to buildings. Accurate measurements have now been taken using temperature controllable environmental chambers.These results reinforce the potential useof thermography for this application. In conjunction with the physical measurements a simulation has been carried out using computational fluid dynamics.
The air distribution in a room is investigated using computational fluid dynamics. Four common methods of supplying air to a room are compared. The effect of air change rate on the ventilation effectiveness for contamination is small, however the effect of room heating or cooling load can be very significant. It was found that air turbulence has a major influence on the air movement, air velocity and dispersion of contaminants in the room.
Existing regulations concerning the design and construction of residential buildings which are naturally ventilated via courtyards and lightwells have origins in daylighting rather than in aerodynamics. The design of narrow, high-sided courtyards which achieve healthy . conditions for occupants, has long been a problem and a subject of various guidance and research, although many doubts and gaps in knowledge still remained. The work described below resolves these problems, and the coherent theory developed may lead to clearer guidance on the design of courtyards for natural ventilation.