AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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computational fluid dynamics

An experimental and theoretical investigation of airflow through large horizontal openings.

The work was concerned with measuring natural convection through a large horizontal opening of different sizes and shapes located between two rooms in a building. Airflow rates between the two rooms were measured using a tracer-gas decay technique. Room 1 was heated to various temperatures in the range 18°C to 33°C using thermostatically controlled heaters; room 2 was unheated. A multi-point sampling unit was used to collect tracer-gas samples from each room. The concentration of SF6 tracer was measured using an infra-red gas analyser.

Simulation of simple test cases.

As proposed in IEA Annex 20, a two dimensional case, for which detailed experimental data are available, has been specified by Nielsen to test different CFD codes. This report presents the results computed by the FLUENT code and he comparison between the computed results of thisreport and Chen and between measured results presented by Nielsen.

Numerical assessment of thermal comfort and air quality in an office with displacement ventilation.

Computational fluid dynamics has been used for assessing the thermal comfort and air quality in an office ventilated with a displacement system for a range of supply air conditions. Thermal comfort is predicted by incorporating Fanger's comfort equations in the airflow model. Indoor air quality is assessed according to the predicted contaminant concentration and local mean age of air. The performance of the displacement ventilation system is then evaluated based on the predicted thermal comfort and indoor air quality.

Improvements to User-friendliness of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Code for Simulation of Air Movement in Buildings.

Starting from the basic governing equations for fluid flows, a three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code is described. The pre-processing and post-processing software was integrated with the CFD code to form a more user-friendly computer package. This new computer package has been used to carry out several simulations on air and smoke movement in atrium with balconies. It has been found that the pre?processing and post-processing software can greatly reduce the data preparation and analysis time. It can also reduce the likelihood of making errors in data entry.

Using CFD techniques to evaluate wind pressure distribution for air infiltration analysis.

Pressure distributions around buildings are important factors affecting the air infiltration and ventilation of a building and consequently energy. Existing methods of determining pressure coefficients are costly both in terms of time and resources. This report aims to show the benefits of using a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) program in this field. Work was carried out to predict the pressure distribution around a sheltered building. The CFD program was used to investigate how pressure coeffieicnts vary with building separation and the degree of shelter offered by an upwind building.