A recently proposed tracer gas method - the homogeneous emission technique-which is suitable for measurement of ventilation air distribution in large enclosures is explained. It is discussed how a CFD-simulation of tracer gas distribution could be utilised to optimise the design of a tracer gas experiment in order to achieve the requested information at a minimum cost.
This paper describes a method which aims to generate an overall view of multizone building air flow by integrating methods for bulk air flow analysis, air flow field analysis, and building thermal analysis. This has been achieved by implementing a computational fluid dynamics approach within the ESP-r building energy simulation environment which already incorporated a model air flow network approach. The current state of the method is demonstrated by a case study. The main conclusion from this is that the integrated method is very promising.
In order that sampling points may be strategically located, it is desirable to have knowledge of the spatial variation of ventilation eflectiveness parameters prior to measuring them using tracer gas sampling techniques. The research described in this paper is being carried out to establish a tracer gas sampling strategy as well as to facilitate the prediction of ventilation effectiveness parameters. The procedure developed requires the division of the internal space into a large number of cells and, by the application of CFD, the mass flow rates between adjacent cells to be established.
So as to better understand and predict IAQ problems, the velocity field and distribution of local mean age of air were determined experimentally with three-dimensional anemometry and decaymode tracer gas measurements inside a classroom. We also performed 3-D numerical simulations of the velocity field in this room, using a CFD code. The time dependent concentration decay of tracer gas was simulated using the previously determined flow field in the pollutant transport equation. Relatively good agreement was found between the simulated and experimental concentration decay curves.