Commission and performance contracting of ventilation systems in practice. Determination, analyses and consequences for practitioners and contractors

Studies in the Netherlands show that ventilation systems of dwellings don’t comply with building regulations. The main shortcoming is insufficient ventilation. This applies to both the house as a whole as to individual rooms. Ventilation systems produce too much noise, for example due to the lack of adequate silencers, the location of the ventilation unit and the dimensions of the air ducts.  Because ventilation systems make so much noise when operating at high flow, the ventilation is often only set to the lowest speed (van Dijken, 2011).

Ductwork design flaws and poor airtightness: a case study about a ventilation system reconditioning in a sealed building

In a sealed building with tight facades, conditions for a good indoor air quality and comfortable conditions must be guaranteed all the time especially for employees. This paper deals with the case of a specific retrofitted building without any openings that immediately shows many difficulties to maintain good indoor air quality in some parts of the occupied volume. An assessment of ductwork and HVAC system performance was first realized, conducted by the SNIA (National Airport Engineering Service).

Delivery and performance of a ventilative cooling strategy: the demonstration case of a shopping centre in Trondheim, Norway

Nearly all retail locations use mechanical cooling systems to ensure indoor comfort temperatures and mechanical ventilation to ensure adequate air exchange, primarily for hygienic reasons. Because of the big volumes involved and the lack of knowledge in natural ventilation design, shopping centres designers have been relying on basic HVAC equipment, without considering the potential of ventilative cooling to reduce cooling needs and to maintain an acceptable indoor environmental quality.

Air Tightness of Ventilation Ductwork in Recently Built Low-Energy and Conventional Houses

The air tightness of ventilation ductwork was measured in two recently built low-energy houses and in two conventionally built houses in the summer of 2013. The ducts and components were metal in three houses and plastic in one house. The air tightness of the ductwork had been checked by an installation survey after construction. The measured leakage airflows corresponded to air tightness class A or lower, therefore did not satisfy the minimum requirement set for class B regarding the air tightness of ventilation ductwork.

Optimal operation for HVAC system with seasonal underground thermal storage system

The present paper proposes an optimal operational strategy of an actual HVAC system with a seasonal underground thermal storage system using simulation. The simulation is a powerful tool for the system because it is difficult to try various operational methods experimentally in the actual system due to the long heat transfer time in the underground.

Study on optimizing the operatoin of heat source equipments in an actual heating/cooling plant using simulation

In order to determine the optimal combination of the heating source equipments in an existing office building, simulations of six different combination cases were conducted using the newly developed mathematical models of each component. From the simulation results, the optimal combination case can reduce the energy consumption by 19.7%, running cost by 12.8% and carbon-dioxide emissions by 29.6%, compared to the present operational combination.

Instrumented home energy rating and commissioning

Currently, houses do not perform optimally or even as many codes and forecasts predict, largely because they are field assembled and there is no consistent process to identify deficiencies or to correct them. Solving this problem requires field performance evaluations using appropriate and agreed upon procedures in the form of a new process called residential commissioning. The purpose of this project is to develop and document these procedures and to demonstrate the value that applying them could provide in both new and existing California houses.


The Shinjuku Park Tower building is a large building complex built in Tokyo in1993 that includes officespace, a shopping zone, and a hotel.

ECBCS Annex 47: Cost-Effective Commissioning Research

In 2005, the Executive Committee of the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems (ECBCS) program approved the start of a new four-year research project on building commissioning. Annex 47, on “Cost-Effecti

Why HVAC Certification for Balancing and Commissioning Contractors is Necessary for VentilationMeasurement, Verification, Validation and Decreased Energy Consumption

This presentation will make the audience aware of the importance of ISO-recognized certificationprograms in the testing adjusting and balancing and commissioning of HVAC systems. ImportantISO 17024 standards will be covered as well as their importance. Many faults have been found inexisting testing adjusting and balancing and commissioning certification programs ranging fromconflicting issues within the organization and their testing procedures; political control over theprocess; inconstant certification methods; geographical differences.