Field evaluation of the indoor environment of naturally ventilated offices.

Experiments were carried out in four naturally ventilated offices to measure the indoor environmental parameters such as air velocity, turbulence intensity and air temperature at three vertical levels, Air change rates for various indoor and outdoor climates were detetmined. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the room was monitored. Subjective assessment was made to evaluate the thermal comfort and indoor air quality in the offices. The effect of opening windows and doors on the indoor comfort conditions was also investigated.

Concentration distribution in a ventilated room under isothermal conditions.

The work in this paper contributes to the work in the IEA - Annex 20 "Air Flow Patterns within Buildings" and presents a series of full-scale measurements of the concentration distribution in a room with isothermal mixing ventilation. Vertical profiles of the concentration in the middle of the room have been measured under different conditions. With the contamination source in the middle of the room the vertical profiles were changed radically with an increase of the air change rate from n= 1.5h^-1 to n=6h^-1 due to a change in the flow structure in the room.

Two-dimensional non-isothermal supply from low velocity terminals. Zweidimensionale anisotherme Luftzufuhr aus Niedriggeschwindigkeits- Luftdurchlassen.

In the field of ventilation engineering the understanding of jet types of flow is well established. However, the behaviour of buoyant flows with high initial Archimedes numbers has been much less explored. The aim of this short note is to highlight some of the differences between ordinary jet flow and the discharge from low velocity air terminals. Results are presented both from tests carried out in a full scale mock up and from model tests with water as operating fluid.