Describes sealing houses against air infiltration to allow controlled ventilation. Notes inherent risks in poor ventilation such as high radon content and its associated decay products, poor air quality, moisture, condensation, mould and allergy-producing dust particles. Treats requirements in swedish building code and stipulated minimum air change rate. Comprehensive series of graphs illustrates air change rate as function of wind speed and different grades of building air tightness.
Outlines basic requirements for a fresh air supply to a dwelling, which include health, comfort and air for combustion appliances. Discusses feasibility of achieving these requirements by natural and mechanical means.
Discusses use of tracer gases for the measurement of natural ventilation rates States advantages of using radio isotopes are increased speed and sensitivity. Gives expressions for calculating air change rates using radio isotopes from thedecrease in signal. Suggests use of krypton 85 or Xenon 133 as tracers. Discusses errors in the method. Reports study of air quality in a naturally ventilated building in Yakutsk. Air change rates, temperatures and concentrations of carbon monoxide were measured in kitchens with gas stoves.
Describes pressurization method of measuring air leakage using a fan installed through an open window. Gives results of survey of 24 houses. Humidity, meteorological parameters, indoor particulate levels, measured equivalent leakage areas and other information were recorded. Finds that tight houses tend to havehigher humidity, that leaky houses require more heating energy and that houses where smoking takes place have higher air pollution levels than others.