Personalized ventilation : evaluation of different air terminal devices

Five air terminal devices (ATD) have been tested in a typical office workplace with a breathing thermal manikin. Tracer gas used to identify the amount of air inhaled and the amount of exhaled air re-inhaled. An index was used to assess the performance of ATD.

UFAD : Floor supply and floor return for excellent indoor air quality and thermal comfort

Advantages of floor supply and floor return systems (UFAD: under floor air distribution systems) are described. They are presented by the author as being capable of better performance (thermal comfort, indoor air quality) than floor supply and ceiling return system. They also offer flexibility and ability to allow individual control.

Analysis of the underfloor air distribution system : thermal comfort and energy consumption

That paper presents the results of a thermal comfort evaluation research in a brazilian office building : the measurements show that an underfloor air distribution system can provide comfortable conditions for both sitting and standing occupants along with a reduction of the energy consumption .

Experimental charaterisation of thermal plumes in confined ventilated spaces

This paper presents the behaviour of a thermal plume combine with a forced ventilation. A method to locate the position of the thermocline in a ventilated room is shown. It also gives and compares the results obtained by means of a solutal simulation on an hydraulic model and from full-scale experiments in a climatic chamber.

The impact of an uniformly distributed thermal load on mixed flow

Experiments were carried out in a scaled test room equipped with 9 vortex inlets uniformly distributed, exhaust outlets near the floor and 64 mannequins to simulate cooling loads. The study describes the air flow pattern observed and the relationship between the air velocity and the cooling load per m2 for mixed flow.

Experimental study on a ductless air supply system using low temperature air

Experioments has been conducted with a ice thermal storage and a ceiling plenum. This ductless air supply system can be an alternative to the use of chilled water tubes. This system supplies air to the ceiling plenum chamber by mixing return air and low temperature air.

Modeling an under floor air distribution system

A model of an UFAD system in a ventilated room is proposed , the room is ventilated with one heat source and one cooling vent as a two-layer stratification.

A comparison between four different ventilation systems

Measurements and CFD simulations are compared for 4 different ventilation systems using the air change index and a new ventilation parameter. It is shown the advantage of impinging jets

Experimental comparison of characteristics between ceiling-based system and floor-based system using CAV HVAC system in cooling period

This study compares indoor climate, cooling efficiency and energy consumption of an underfloor air distribution system and a ceiling-based system in a test chamber. Floor-based system appears to provide better thermal conditions with lower electricity consumption.

Computer modeling of underfloor air supply system

CFD calculations were used to compare temperature and air velocities in an environmental chamber equipped either with a conventional comfort overhead air supply system or with an underfloor supply system. Results show the advantages of underfloor system to provide adequate temperature, velocities and turbulence in the seated zone.