Effects of ventilation on airborne transmission: particle measurements and performance evaluation

This research aims to evaluate ventilation performance on airborne transmission in buildings, by analyzing the effect of different ventilation configurations and flow rates on contaminant removal effectiveness

Point source ventilation effectiveness in infection risk-based post-COVID ventilation design

Measurement method for ventilation effectiveness, more specifically, for contaminant removal effectiveness with a point source corresponding to infector is analysed in this study with tracer gas measurements and infection risk calculations. Ventilation effectiveness is needed in infection risk-based ventilation design to take into account air distribution methods deviating from fully mixing. Tracer gas measurements were conducted with two source location in six non-residential spaces.

Mitigation of airborne transmission of respiratory viruses by ventilation – past, present and future

The importance of ventilation of spaces for occupants’ health has been known for many years. Ancient Egyptians used natural ventilation to remove dust and thus to reduce respiratory diseases of stone carvers working indoors (Janssen 1999). In the past ventilation has been used to reduce airborne transmission of respiratory generated infectious agents in buildings.

Multi-nodal model for predicting vertical temperature profile in the stratum-ventilated large retail facility

Stratum ventilation (SV) is an energy-efficient solution to provide thermal comfort and improve air quality. The air distribution in rooms with SV depends on the room layout, location of supply and exhaust grills and indoor heat gains. Therefore, the commonly used methods to predict air temperatures in the occupied zone do not usually fit the indoor temperature distribution. At the same time, detailed simulations of indoor air distribution are still mainly used in complicated room layouts and research.

“Towards Smart Ventilation” in Mid-sized buildings: Project content, objectives and structure, organization and work plan

A smart ventilation system is able to continually adjust itself to provide the desired indoor air quality (IAQ) while minimizing energy use, utility bills, thermal discomfort and noise. A smart ventilation system is also responsive to e.g. occupancy, outdoor conditions, direct sensing of contaminants and can provide information about e.g. IAQ, energy use and the need for maintenance or repair. Technically, all components for such systems are available in the market.  

Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Air Distribution in a Large Space

A literature review has revealed that there is a very limited number of numerical or experimental studies of the air flow for mechanically ventilated large occupied rooms. Existing literature suggests that a room with more than 5 meters floor-to-ceiling height can be considered as a large space. The aim of this paper is to present a set of detailed air temperature and velocity measurements in a large open plan office located in south England.

Overflow elements: Impacts on energy efficiency, indoor air quality and sound attenuation

When planning ventilation systems for energy efficient housing, an appropriate design of the overflow elements between rooms is important as it influences ventilation losses, indoor air quality and sound attenuation between rooms. Based on calculation results of the natural in- or exfiltration rates through the building envelope as a function of the overflow element’s flow resistance, this work proposes a maximal pressure drop of 2-3Pa for overflow elements in energy efficient buildings.

PIV Measurements of Air Distribution in a Reduced-Scale Model - Ventilation of a Busbar Corridor in a Hydropower Station

On the basis of modelling with similarity theory and by using the Archimedes number, Ar, as the similitude parameter, this paper analyzes the air distribution of a busbar corridor in a hydropower station by using the Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurement technique.

A CFD Model of a Swirl Diffuser for Heating and Cooling Modes

The aim of this study was to develop a simplified CFD model for the inlet jet of a swirl diffuser for the simulation of room airflow patterns. The swirl diffuser creates a complex flow pattern with high induction of room air, thus possessing a challenge for simulation. The studied diffuser was a model intended to be used in large enclosures. The flow pattern was adjustable between two basic modes: radial swirl jet for cooling conditions and compact downward swirl jet for heating conditions. For developing the CFD model, a series of laboratory measurements of the flow field was carried out.

Experimental Investigation of Air Distribution in the Occupied Zones of an Air Curtain Ventilated Enclosure

This paper focuses on the performance of a new air curtain ventilation system. Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) is used to visualize and investigate the airflow characteristic of an air curtain in an enclosure and the airflow pattern and temperature fields are measured and analyzed in detail. The air supply velocity and the slot inlet location were varied during the experimental process. The current results show that with the increase of air supply velocity the cooling effect in the occupied zone is further strengthened.