Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:30
The objectives of Subtask 4 are to develop design and control strategies for energy efficient ventilation in residential buildings which ensure high indoor air quality. The strategies must go beyond the current common practice and actively utilize recent research findings regarding indoor air pollutants and combined heat, air and moisture transfer as well as benefit from recent advances in sensor technology and controls.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:28
The objectives of Subtask 3 Modeling are to improve the understanding and develop prediction models on the impacts of outdoor pollutants, thermal environment, building materials and envelope, and indoor furnishing and occupant activities on the indoor air quality, and the energy necessary to achieve the desired IAQ level in residential buildings, considering the IAQ metrics and pollution loads to be developed in Subtask 1 and 2, respectively.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:26
First the Subtask will organize a literature survey and make researcher contacts to gather relevant data and existing knowledge on major pollutant sources and loads in buildings, including models. Laboratory testing and model setup to provide examples of new types of data which shall be beneficial to improve knowledge on combined effects that must be taken into consideration in order to achieve new paradigms for energy optimal operation of buildings.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:20
The overall objective of the IEA EBC Annex 68 is to provide scientific basis usable for optimal and practically applicable design and control strategies for high Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) in residential buildings. Naturally, those strategies should ensure minimal possible energy use. The project aims to gather existing and provide new data on pollution sources in buildings, model the indoor hydrothermal conditions and air quality as well as thermal systems, and will look to ways to optimize the provision of ventilation and air-conditioning.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:16
In the frame of the European project called Bricker, a new prototype of single room ventilation with heat recovery has been developed. This new unit is supposed to be installed in class rooms of an educational institution. This paper deals with the development of the first prototype of this unit. An empirical model of such device is also proposed in order to be coupled with a building model. This aims at determining the seasonal performance of the device and thus the potential energy saving (compared to other technologies) resulting from its use.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:15
The energy use in buildings is dependent on the choices made during the design, construction and renovation. The causes for these differences are, among others, caused by the behavior of the occupant of the building and the choice of heating and ventilation system. The European scheme of Energy Performance Certificates (EPCs) aims at reducing the energy use in the built environment. It is most common to calculate (i.e. not measure) the energy use for the buildings which are affected by the scheme.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:12
Ventilation systems can save heat energy by using heat recovery, but consume electrical energy to power the fans. In practice, the energy efficiency of those systems can be lower than expected, when compared to the nominal values provided by the manufacturer. In this paper, results of a comprehensive field tests with 20 centralized and 60 decentralized ventilation systems for residential buildings and the calculation of the primary energy savings of those devices are presented.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:09
Ventilation technologies are the key aspects to reach the target of nearly zero energy buildings. From 1st January 2016 on ventilation units have to comply with minimal energy efficiency criteria according EU Regulation No 1253/2014 of 7 July 2014 implementing Directive 2009/125/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. Furthermore, residential ventilation units will have an energy label according EU Regulation No 1254/2014 of 11 July.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 03/21/2016 - 11:08
Conventional Displacement Ventilation (DV) system has been installed in an office of a Zero Energy Building (ZEB). Enhanced DV (EDV) system, consisting of fans mounted to the chair, which has been demonstrated in laboratory and field environmental chamber studies earlier was implemented for the first time in a full-scale office environment to assess its effectiveness of improving the thermal sensation of the occupants. Objective measurements and subjective assessments were conducted in the office with 12 occupants over a period of 2 weeks.