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PR1995

16th AIVC Conference "Implementing the results of ventilation research" (Book of Proceedings)

The book of proceedings from the 16th AIVC Conference "Implementing the results of ventilation research", Palm Springs, USA, 18-22 September 1995

Volume 1 includes 29 papers

Volume 2 includes 26 papers

Energy requirements for conditioning of ventilating air

The energy impact involved between bringing in outdoor air for indoor air pollution reduction and the energy required to condition this air are investigated in this report. Longterm hourly weather data from several European and American locations were analyzed to determine the average conditions of air over the period of record of the data.

16th AIVC Conference - Palm Springs, USA - 18-22 September 1995

 The 16th AIVC Conference - Implementing the results of ventilation research, was held in Palm Springs, USA, 18-22 September 1995.

Contains 51 papers.

A report on the radon measurement in a single family house.

This paper presents the results of a series of measurements made in an occupied family house. Long and short-term measurements of the concentration of radon gas in the cellar and other living areas of the house were carried out. Subsequently a mechanical ventilation system was installed in the cellar and operated in both supply and extract mode with different air change rates. Further measurements of radon concentrations were carried out along with other physical parameters.

High resolution particle-imaging velocimetry for full scale indoor air flows.

A high resolution particle-imaging velocimetry has been developed and applied to study full-scale room air flows. The system is designed to study local field quantities in occupied zones (microclimate), ventilation effectiveness, and airborne pollutant transport in the indoor environment. The system can be applied to evaluate indoor environment in typical commercial and residential settings. The technique and instrumentation have been applied successfully to study localized air flow patterns and particle concentration distribution in the indoor environment.

The new energy conservation code in the Federal Republic of Germany.

With effect from January 1st, 1995 the amended Heat Transfer Barrier Act (,,Warmeschutzverordnung ) was introduced in the Federal Republic of Germany, replacing the 1982 version. This decree is binding on all houses to be built so that they reach the low energy standard. Former decrees envisaged mainly the reduction of the transmission heat loss while the amended version takes into account all other relevant aspects such as internal and solar heat gains as well as ventilation heat losses, and includes them into an energy balance procedure.

Air dehumidification by absortive and evaporative cooling.

Especially in modern buildings with small capacity of humidity storage it is necessary to reduce the humidity in the supply air. Normally a refrigeration system containing CFC s is used. There are some alternative fluids available, but mostly they show a high global warming potential. These systems all need electrical energy to be driven and therefore it is necessary to consider other possibilities with alternative systems. The most promising systems are sorptive systems which are used in open cycles.

The design and development of two energy and environmentally sustainable prototype office buildings.

The C-2000 program for advances commercial buildings is an awards program to assist in the development of energy efficient and sustainable building technologies and design in Canada. The objectives of the C-2000 program are to develop energy efficient buildings using sustainable materials and technologies. The buildings must provide a high level of occupant comfort. The technology must be transferable to the current building industry and must meet market constraints.

Modelling coupled heat and airflow: ping pong versus onions.

By means of a case study involving a severe case of coupled heat and sir flow in buildings, this paper aims to quantify the differences resulting from different methods (ping-pong and onion approach) for linking heat and air flow models. The main conclusion is that when used improperly, the onion method will have implications in terms of computing resources, but - more seriously - the ping-pong method may generate substantial errors.

The Dutch E Novation Program: indoor air quality in dwellings before and after renovation.

The Dutch E novation program is a national demonstration program in which dwellings with high energy consumption, moisture and mould problems and poor indoor air quality were renovated, with special attention to the selection of the heating and ventilation systems, thermal insulation and the building physical details. A number of indoor air quality parameters were monitored before and after renovation, showing an important improvement in the indoor air quality.

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