Kuhlmann H
Bibliographic info:
Germany, Fraunhofer Institute of Building Physics, proceedings of "Retrofitting in commercial and institutional buildings", an IEA Future Buildings Forum Workshop held in Stuttgart, Germany, April 28-30, 1997, pp 179-190.

In the district of Schwandorf a Dual Energy Management System together with various energy management adapted to parallel traditional remodelling were to be implemented beforehand in a total of 22 already existing buildings. The efficiency of these strategies with regard to energy consumption and comfort (i.e. thermal comfort of the occupants) was to be measured over a three year period. The subsequent evaluation was to result in recommendations concerning the design and operation of The EMS and the building facilities under the given conditions.