Fisk W.J., Faulkner D., Sullivan D.P.
Bibliographic info:
Ashrae 2005 Annual meeting -Technical and symposium papers-, Denver, June 2005, pp 8

Although the rate of outdoor air (OA) ventilation has a substantial influence on building energy consumption and occupant health, the available data indicate the outdoor air ventilation rates are poorly controlled in many buildings. Technologies being marketed for real-time measurement of the flow rates of outdoor air into HVAC systems should enable better control of OA ventilation. In laboratory research we have studied the performance of these technologies. Sources of easurement errors identified or reconfirmed during conduct of this research include low air speeds, high spatial variability in air speed and direction, large eddies downstream of outdoor air intake louvers, and backward airflow through a portion of outdoor air dampers. Suggestions for overcoming these sources of errors include design and control of the outdoor air intake system to avoid low, hard-to measure air speeds; use of highly sensitive pressure and velocity sensors; measuring air
speeds between blades of louvers rather than downstream of louvers; smoothing out the airflow between the outdoor air louver and damper through proper louver selection and insertion of components to straighten airflow; and maintaining a pressure drop across the outdoor air damper that exceeds approximately 0.04 IWG (10 Pa).