Charles Ehrlich, Konstantinos Papamichael, Judy Lai, Kenneth Revzan
Bibliographic info:
Building Simulation, 7, 2001, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, p. 857-864

Energy  savings  from  the  use  of  daylighting  in commercial buildings are realized through implementation of photoelectric lighting controls that dim electric lights when sufficient daylight is available to provide  adequate workplane illumination. The dimming level of electric lighting is based on the signal of a photosensor. Current simulation approaches for such systems are based on the questionable assumption that the signal of the photosensor is proportional to the task illuminance. This paper presents a method that simulates the performance of photosensor controls considering the acceptance angle, angular sensitivity, placement of the photosensor within a space, and color correction filter. The method is based on the multiplication of two fisheye images: one generated from the angular sensitivity of the photosensor and the other from a 180- or 360-degree fisheye image of the space as "seen" by the photosensor. The paper includes a detailed description of the method and its implementation, example applications,  and validation   results   based   on   comparison   with measurements in an actual office space.