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A questionnaire survey of special old age nursing homes and elderly health care facilities in Japan

S. Yokoyama, M. Yoshioka, S. Koguchi, K. Hataya, K. Ikeda, Y.Hamada, M. Nakamura, H. Kubota, 2003
cold climate | ventilation system | health | questionnaire
Bibliographic info: Healthy Buildings 2003 - Proceedings 7th International Conference (7th-11th December 2003) - National University of Singapore - Vol. 2, pp 266-271,1 fig., 9 Tab
Languages: English

We studies the conditions in special old age nursing homes and elderly health care facilities in Japanespecially in a region with a cold climate. A questionnaire survey for all special old age nursing homes and elderly health care facilities in Sapporo and Fukuoka City, and Hokkaido, Saitama, Kanagawa, and Osaka Prefecture, and Tokyo Metropolis was performed. The main questionnaire asks about heating, air-cooling, ventilation systems, sanitary systems and indoor air quality including bio-aerosol and odours. We sent the questionnaire sheets, which were A-4 sized and running to four pages, to a total of 1479 homes and facilities. We received a total of 646 answers, about 44% of the total number. The 95 questionnaire items were converted into 249 categories for statistical analyses. The present database for special old age nursing homes and elderly health care facilities consists of about 160 000 bits of data.The data obtained from Sapporo City and Hokkaido Prefecture were compared with those of otherregions. This paper describes the characteristics of special old age nursing homes and elderly healthcare facilities in a region with a cold climate. The main differences as compared to warmer regionswere setting values of air temperature in both the winter and summer and the existence of anair-cooling system.


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